Hidden Nurses: The Story of Filipino Nursing in Virginia

Descriptive Summary

Repository:  University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry

Title: Hidden Nurses Collection

Physical Characteristics: 1.5 linear feet; 3 boxes

Language: English

Collector:  various

Biographical Information

Series 1:  Phoebe A. Pollitt, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Nursing, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina.  She earned her doctorate at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, concentrating in curriculum and instruction.  Pollitt holds two Master's degrees, both from North Carolina institutions: an MA in Education from Appalachian State and an MS in Nursing from East Carolina University.  She earned her undergraduate degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  In addition to her academic positions, Pollitt has taken on various responsibilities in the field of public health nursing practice and education.  She has won numerous awards and public recognition for her academic and professional work, and she maintains active involvement in professional committees and regional advisory and policy bodies.

Scope and Content

The Hidden Nurses Collection is the fruit of an ECBCNHI initiative to seek out, preserve, and publicize materials related to nursing and health care in non-white communities.  During the era of legal segregation in America, persons of color were frequently denied access to the institutions and systems of health care established for whites.  In consequence, a parallel but largely inadequate network of facilities developed to serve African-American, Native-American, and even Hispanic individuals.  Some of these institutions and clinics received public funding, but most came into existence privately, through the energy and dedication of minority nurses and physicians.  Nearly all had to seek charity support.  For most white patients and health care professionals, the practitioners and patients in this secondary system remained hidden, as segregation laws and longstanding cultural and economic conditions kept these communities apart, and when their paths did meet in the arenas of employment and public life, the kinds of permissible interactions were carefully regulated and at times brutally enforced.

It is the point of the Hidden Nurses Collection to begin to tell the stories of these dedicated people, and to acknowledge and celebrate their role in the great universal project of human healing.

The Hidden Nurses Collection will be organized into series, and each series will be associated with an individual donor, scholar, or collection subject.  The documents described here in Series 1 represent only the first step in a long-term collections development scheme.  Other series will follow as they become available. 

Series 1, the Phoebe A. Pollitt Research Papers, comprises such research materials as newspaper articles, hospital reports, and interviews assembled by Professor Phoebe A. Pollitt as she examined the late-nineteenth to mid-twentieth-century history of African-American health care facilities in North Carolina.  Materials are organized by city.  Also included are digital transfers of taped interviews with contemporary public health nurses practicing in North Carolina in 2010.

Series Description

Arrangement

Series 1: After an initial group of folders containing general information on African-American health care in North Carolina and the nation, facility materials follow alphabetically by city. The final folders contain miscellaneous notes and images, an article draft and publications by Pollitt.

 

Contents List

 

Series 1, Phoebe Pollitt Research Papers

ITEMS CONCERNING AFRICAN-AMERICAN HEALTH CARE IN NORTH CAROLINA, GENERALLY.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-001

 

ITEMS CONCERNING AFRICAN-AMERICAN HEALTH CARE IN THE NATION, GENERALLY.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-002

 

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS – NORTH CAROLINA HEALTH CARE PERSONNEL:

1) DR. LULA M DISOSWAY, M.D.

2) DR. MALENE GRANT IRONS, M.D.

3) DR. ISA GRANT, M.D.

4) TERESEA D. ELDER, NURSE

5) DR. L. E. MCCAULEY, M.D.

6) DAISY ROBINSON, NURSE

7) BLANCHE HAYES SANSOM, NURSE

8) HELEN S. MILLER, R.N.

9) MARY L. MILLS, R.N.

10) DR. ORA L. STRICKLAND, PH.D., R.N.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-003

 

NORTH CAROLINA CIVIL WAR MATERIALS:

1) GRANVILLE COUNTY SOLDIER NURSES, AFRICAN AMERICAN;

2) SKETCH OF CIVIL WAR HOSPITAL, ROANOKE ISLAND.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-004

 

ASHVILLE, N.C.:

1) BLUE RIDGE HOSPITAL

2) MISSION HOSPITAL

3) SHUFORD CLINIC

4) TORRENCE HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-005

 

CHARLOTTE, N.C.:

1) GOOD SAMARITAN HOSPITAL

2) UNION HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-006

 

DURHAM, N.C.:

1) LINCOLN HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING, INCLUDES EXCERPT OF 1938 ANNUAL REPORT

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-007

 

FAYETTEVILLE, N.C.:

1) CAROLINA SCHOOL OF NURSING

2) COLORED SANATORIUM

3) PERRY HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-008

 

GASTONIA, N.C.:

1) GASTON COUNTY NEGRO HOSPITAL

2) NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL

[INCLUDES ARTICLE ON NURSE ANESTHETIST TRAINING]

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-009

 

GOLDSBORO, N.C.:

1) CHERRY HOSPITAL

2) RIVERA CLINIC

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-010

 

GREENSBORO, N.C.:

1) L. RICHARDSON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-011

 

HENDERSON, N.C.:

1) JUBILEE HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-01-012

 

LAURINBURG, N.C.:

1) BIGELOW HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-001

 

MONROE, N.C.:

1) QUALITY HILL SANITARIUM

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-002

 

NEW BERN, N.C.:

1) GOOD SHEPHERD HOSPITAL, INCLUDES ANNUAL OPERATING REPORTS FOR 1938-1948, 1951, AND 1953-54.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-003

 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE SANATORIUM, WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA STATE SANITORIUM

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-004

 

OXFORD, N.C.:

1) SHAW HOSPITAL

2) SUSIE B. CHEATHAM HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-005

 

PITT COUNTY, N.C.:

1) COMMUNITY HOSPITALS

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-006

 

RALEIGH, N.C.:

1) DOROTHEA DIX HOSPITAL

2) LEONARD MEDICAL SCHOOL AND HOSPITAL

3) MCCAULEY HOSPITAL

4) REX HOSPITAL

5) ST. AGNES HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING AT ST. AUGUSTINE COLLEGE, INCLUDES TESTIMONIALS FROM ST. AGNES.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-007

 

SMITHFIELD, N.C.:

1) FURNONGE HOSPITAL, INCLUDES PUBLISHED PHOTOGRAPH OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN MIDWIFE.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-008

 

SOUTHERN PINES, N.C.:

1) PICKFORD SANITARIUM

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-009

 

TARBORO, N.C.:

1) QUIGLESS CLINIC

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-010

 

WILMINGTON, N.C.:

1) COMMUNITY HOSPITAL

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-011

 

WILSON, N.C.:

1) MERCY HOSPITAL, INCLUDES TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEWS.

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-012

 

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C.:

1) COMMUNITY NURSING PROGRAM

2) KATE BITTING REYNOLDS MEMORIAL HOSPITAL

3) RAY’S HOSPITAL

4) SLATER HOSPITAL

5) WILLIAMSON’S SANITARIUM

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-013

 

DRAFT ESSAY BY PHOEBE POLLITT

n.d.   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-014

 

PUBLICATIONS BY PHOEBE POLLITT

1991-2016, n.d.   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-015

 

MISCELLANEOUS NOTES BY PHOEBE POLLITT

n.d.   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-016

 

MISCELLANEOUS PHOTOGRAPHS (PHOTOCOPIES OR PRINTED)

various   Series-Box-Folder:  01-02-017

 

DIGITAL MEDIA:

INTERVIEWS WITH NURSES ATTENDING THE PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE, WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA, 28 OCTOBER 2010:

1) MELISSA BAIN INTERVIEWING:  PATRICE BAROS, DEBBIE EZZELL;

2) MELISSA BAIN INTERVIEWING:  DEBBIE GARRETT, SANDY MACMILLAN, ANGELA WILLIAMS COLEY;

3) SARAH BOSIC INTERVIEWING:  PATRICIA HORTON, KATHY STANLEY;

4) HOLLY CRESSON INTERVIEWING:  LORETTA BOLAN, WANDA TART;

5) WILL MALLORY INTERVIEWING:  JANET SMITHEY, PAMELA JAMES, DORIS ARTIS;

6) KATIE MCCOLLUM INTERVIEWING:  KAREN COPPLEY, FELICIA REID, JEAN BUCHISON;

7) EMMA MCMANNIS INTERVIEWING:  JUDY SOUTHERN, CHERYL KEGG, PAM MCCALL, DAVID HOWARD, BETTY COX;

8) AMBER SHELTON INTERVIEWING:  DEBORAH CREED, JEANETTE ALEXANDER, FRANCINE REEVES, ANN BAUGHAN;

9) JULIETTE TINNEY INTERVIEWING:  ELIZABETH RICCI, DIANE MCLAWHORN, STEPHANIE FISHER;

10) CHRISTIAN [...CANON] INTERVIEWING:  KATHY JOHNSON, DIANA ROGERS;

11) ELAINE CESSNA, JENNIFER MCCRACKEN, AMY PARKER.

2010/10/28   Series-Box-Folder:  01-03-001

 

Notes

Administrative Information

Access: No Restrictions.

Use Restrictions: No Restriction.

Preferred Citation: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Hidden Nurses Collection.

Processing Information: Processed by Henry K. Sharp in 2017-18.