Repository: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry
Title: Hidden Nurses Collection
Physical Characteristics: 1.5 linear feet; 3 boxes
Series 1: Phoebe A. Pollitt, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Nursing, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina. She earned her doctorate at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, concentrating in curriculum and instruction. Pollitt holds two Master's degrees, both from North Carolina institutions: an MA in Education from Appalachian State and an MS in Nursing from East Carolina University. She earned her undergraduate degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In addition to her academic positions, Pollitt has taken on various responsibilities in the field of public health nursing practice and education. She has won numerous awards and public recognition for her academic and professional work, and she maintains active involvement in professional committees and regional advisory and policy bodies.
Scope and Content
The Hidden Nurses Collection is the fruit of an ECBCNHI initiative to seek out, preserve, and publicize materials related to nursing and health care in non-white communities. During the era of legal segregation in America, persons of color were frequently denied access to the institutions and systems of health care established for whites. In consequence, a parallel but largely inadequate network of facilities developed to serve African-American, Native-American, and even Hispanic individuals. Some of these institutions and clinics received public funding, but most came into existence privately, through the energy and dedication of minority nurses and physicians. Nearly all had to seek charity support. For most white patients and health care professionals, the practitioners and patients in this secondary system remained hidden, as segregation laws and longstanding cultural and economic conditions kept these communities apart, and when their paths did meet in the arenas of employment and public life, the kinds of permissible interactions were carefully regulated and at times brutally enforced.
It is the point of the Hidden Nurses Collection to begin to tell the stories of these dedicated people, and to acknowledge and celebrate their role in the great universal project of human healing.
The Hidden Nurses Collection will be organized into series, and each series will be associated with an individual donor, scholar, or collection subject. The documents described here in Series 1 represent only the first step in a long-term collections development scheme. Other series will follow as they become available.
Series 1, the Phoebe A. Pollitt Research Papers, comprises such research materials as newspaper articles, hospital reports, and interviews assembled by Professor Phoebe A. Pollitt as she examined the late-nineteenth to mid-twentieth-century history of African-American health care facilities in North Carolina. Materials are organized by city. Also included are digital transfers of taped interviews with contemporary public health nurses practicing in North Carolina in 2010.
Series 1: After an initial group of folders containing general information on African-American health care in North Carolina and the nation, facility materials follow alphabetically by city. The final folders contain miscellaneous notes and images, an article draft and publications by Pollitt.
Series 1, Phoebe Pollitt Research Papers
ITEMS CONCERNING AFRICAN-AMERICAN HEALTH CARE IN NORTH CAROLINA, GENERALLY.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-001
ITEMS CONCERNING AFRICAN-AMERICAN HEALTH CARE IN THE NATION, GENERALLY.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-002
BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS – NORTH CAROLINA HEALTH CARE PERSONNEL:
1) DR. LULA M DISOSWAY, M.D.
2) DR. MALENE GRANT IRONS, M.D.
3) DR. ISA GRANT, M.D.
4) TERESEA D. ELDER, NURSE
5) DR. L. E. MCCAULEY, M.D.
6) DAISY ROBINSON, NURSE
7) BLANCHE HAYES SANSOM, NURSE
8) HELEN S. MILLER, R.N.
9) MARY L. MILLS, R.N.
10) DR. ORA L. STRICKLAND, PH.D., R.N.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-003
NORTH CAROLINA CIVIL WAR MATERIALS:
1) GRANVILLE COUNTY SOLDIER NURSES, AFRICAN AMERICAN;
2) SKETCH OF CIVIL WAR HOSPITAL, ROANOKE ISLAND.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-004
1) BLUE RIDGE HOSPITAL
2) MISSION HOSPITAL
3) SHUFORD CLINIC
4) TORRENCE HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-005
1) GOOD SAMARITAN HOSPITAL
2) UNION HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-006
1) LINCOLN HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING, INCLUDES EXCERPT OF 1938 ANNUAL REPORT
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-007
1) CAROLINA SCHOOL OF NURSING
2) COLORED SANATORIUM
3) PERRY HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-008
1) GASTON COUNTY NEGRO HOSPITAL
2) NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL
[INCLUDES ARTICLE ON NURSE ANESTHETIST TRAINING]
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-009
1) CHERRY HOSPITAL
2) RIVERA CLINIC
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-010
1) L. RICHARDSON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-011
1) JUBILEE HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-01-012
1) BIGELOW HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-001
1) QUALITY HILL SANITARIUM
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-002
NEW BERN, N.C.:
1) GOOD SHEPHERD HOSPITAL, INCLUDES ANNUAL OPERATING REPORTS FOR 1938-1948, 1951, AND 1953-54.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-003
NORTH CAROLINA STATE SANATORIUM, WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA STATE SANITORIUM
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-004
1) SHAW HOSPITAL
2) SUSIE B. CHEATHAM HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-005
PITT COUNTY, N.C.:
1) COMMUNITY HOSPITALS
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-006
1) DOROTHEA DIX HOSPITAL
2) LEONARD MEDICAL SCHOOL AND HOSPITAL
3) MCCAULEY HOSPITAL
4) REX HOSPITAL
5) ST. AGNES HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING AT ST. AUGUSTINE COLLEGE, INCLUDES TESTIMONIALS FROM ST. AGNES.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-007
1) FURNONGE HOSPITAL, INCLUDES PUBLISHED PHOTOGRAPH OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN MIDWIFE.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-008
SOUTHERN PINES, N.C.:
1) PICKFORD SANITARIUM
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-009
1) QUIGLESS CLINIC
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-010
1) COMMUNITY HOSPITAL
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-011
1) MERCY HOSPITAL, INCLUDES TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEWS.
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-012
1) COMMUNITY NURSING PROGRAM
2) KATE BITTING REYNOLDS MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
3) RAY’S HOSPITAL
4) SLATER HOSPITAL
5) WILLIAMSON’S SANITARIUM
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-013
DRAFT ESSAY BY PHOEBE POLLITT
n.d. Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-014
PUBLICATIONS BY PHOEBE POLLITT
1991-2016, n.d. Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-015
MISCELLANEOUS NOTES BY PHOEBE POLLITT
n.d. Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-016
MISCELLANEOUS PHOTOGRAPHS (PHOTOCOPIES OR PRINTED)
various Series-Box-Folder: 01-02-017
INTERVIEWS WITH NURSES ATTENDING THE PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE, WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA, 28 OCTOBER 2010:
1) MELISSA BAIN INTERVIEWING: PATRICE BAROS, DEBBIE EZZELL;
2) MELISSA BAIN INTERVIEWING: DEBBIE GARRETT, SANDY MACMILLAN, ANGELA WILLIAMS COLEY;
3) SARAH BOSIC INTERVIEWING: PATRICIA HORTON, KATHY STANLEY;
4) HOLLY CRESSON INTERVIEWING: LORETTA BOLAN, WANDA TART;
5) WILL MALLORY INTERVIEWING: JANET SMITHEY, PAMELA JAMES, DORIS ARTIS;
6) KATIE MCCOLLUM INTERVIEWING: KAREN COPPLEY, FELICIA REID, JEAN BUCHISON;
7) EMMA MCMANNIS INTERVIEWING: JUDY SOUTHERN, CHERYL KEGG, PAM MCCALL, DAVID HOWARD, BETTY COX;
8) AMBER SHELTON INTERVIEWING: DEBORAH CREED, JEANETTE ALEXANDER, FRANCINE REEVES, ANN BAUGHAN;
9) JULIETTE TINNEY INTERVIEWING: ELIZABETH RICCI, DIANE MCLAWHORN, STEPHANIE FISHER;
10) CHRISTIAN [...CANON] INTERVIEWING: KATHY JOHNSON, DIANA ROGERS;
11) ELAINE CESSNA, JENNIFER MCCRACKEN, AMY PARKER.
2010/10/28 Series-Box-Folder: 01-03-001
Access: No Restrictions.
Use Restrictions: No Restriction.
Preferred Citation: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Hidden Nurses Collection.
Processing Information: Processed by Henry K. Sharp in 2017-18.