Nursing history books from the ECBCNHI library

Fall 2022 Nursing History Forums (All Virtual)

October 18, 2022, at 12 p.m. (ET)

"Understanding the Experiences of Male Nurse Practitioners, 1980 to Present"

By Marcus D. Henderson, MSN, RN

Interviews with a broad sample of male nurse practitioners from a variety of specialties and settings shed light on the barriers and facilitators in their healthcare roles, their experience during educational preparation and clinical practice, and the paths of their personal and professional development.

About the speaker: Mr. Henderson is a recipient of the Nurse Practitioner History Research Scholar Award from the Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry. He is a doctoral student at the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and a doctoral fellow in the SAMHSA Minority Fellowship Program at the American Nurses Association. Mr. Henderson has professional experience working in community-based, acute psychiatric, and educational settings. He earned a BSN and MSN in Health Leadership from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and a certificate in Health Care Innovation from the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine.

For a recording of this event, contact the center manager at

November 1, 2022, at 12 p.m. (ET)

"Black Nurses’ Silent Struggle to Integrate Hospital Nursing in the North, 1950-1970"

By Hafeeza Anchrum, PhD, RN

Dr. Hafeeza Anchrum uses archival materials and interviews with Black nurses who graduated from Mercy-Douglass Hospital School of Nursing to examine Black nurses’ silent struggle to integrate hospital nursing in the North from 1950 to 1970. The sources reveal that they had to battle to gain access to hospitals with all-white nursing staff and fight for equal treatment once they gained entry to these spaces. This research broadens our understanding of the civil rights revolution beyond the popularized events and political figures of the South to a lesser-known battleground for racial inclusion and equality-the Northern hospital-and to lesser-known actors: Black registered nurses.


Historian Hafeeza AnchrumAbout the speaker: Dr. Anchrum is a postdoctoral fellow in the Program on Race, Science, and Society in the Center of Africana Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research focuses on the history of race and racism in American nursing and health care to better understand today's population health and health-care practice. Dr. Anchrum received a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, an MS from New York University, and a BSN from Florida State University. She is an advanced practice registered nurse specializing in surgical and perioperative nursing and nursing education.

For the event Zoom link, contact the center manager at

Agnes Dillon Randolph International Nursing History Conference March 18-19, 2022

View the 2022 Randolph Conference Program and 2022 Randolph Conference Program Abstracts from our international event, held virtually in March 2022. 


Recent Nursing History Forums

A Virtual Roundtable on the History of Black Midwives

In recognition of Black History Month in February 2022, the Bjoring Center hosted a panel discussion of distinguished scholars, featuring Dr. Wangui Muigai, a historian of medicine at Brandeis University who is writing a book on the history of Black infant mortality in the U.S.; Dr. Michelle Drew, a practicing midwife and chair of the American College of Nurse Midwives Caucus for Reproductive Justice and Birth Equity; and Dr. Gertrude Fraser, associate professor in UVA's Department of Anthropology and author of African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race, and Memory. Read or download the History of Black Midwives Roundtable transcript.

Program Details

"Ancient Wisdom, Resistance and Reclamation: The Historical Contributions of African and African American Midwives 1619 to the Present" - by Michelle Drew, DNP, MPH, CNM, FNP-C, C-EFM

"Trust, Training, and Tradition: Black Midwifery in the Early 20th Century" - by Wangui Muigai, PhD

This presentation examines the contributions of a range of Black women, including midwives, health officials, nurses, and pregnant women, as they worked to ensure the health of Black mothers and newborns in the early 20th century and the challenges they faced in their efforts. The talk considers the legacies of this moment on the birth and reproductive experiences of Black Americans today.

"African American Doulas: Carrying on the Tradition, Navigating Spaces of Care and Exploitation" - by Gertrude J. Fraser, PhD

This presentation will explore emerging work from primarily feminist scholars about African American doulas, especially in urban communities who are caught between the desire to serve their clients of color who are at higher risk for mortality and serious illness during pregnancy and the need for a living wage. Further, I will discuss how health officials may place doulas front and center in intervention strategies to reduce maternal mortality while at the same time failing to monetarily value their contributions or to invest significantly in ameliorating the root causes of reproductive health care disparities. My goal is to engage in dialogue about how doulas may be valorized for their devotion to provide culturally salient care for women of color, on the one hand, and on the other, be subject to different forms of exploitation.

Black Midwives: A History Forum