Personal Statement

Based on more than 20 years of clinical experience working with underserved populations, I have seen first-hand how a mother's poor mental health contributes to adverse cognitive, socio-emotional, and developmental outcomes in her young children. Many women I've worked with were subject to significant stress, including mistreatment and disruptions in their early caregiving environments, early in their lives. Each woman wanted much more for her children but voiced concern about how to best support their development -- the very concept that shaped my research interest in maternal mental health. The broad theme that has guided all of my subsequent research has been to improve maternal mental health and the ensuing developmental outcomes of children at risk for poor outcomes.

Biography

Jeanne Alhusen, PhD, CRNP, RN -- associate professor and assistant dean of research -- earned her BSN from Villanova University, her MSN from Duke University, and her PhD from Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Alhusen completed a post-doctoral fellowship at Johns Hopkins School of Nursing and Medicine in 2013. As a board-certified advanced practice family nurse practitioner, she brings extensive professional nursing experience with a particular interest in the health disparities in maternal and child health.

Dr. Alhusen’s research is focused on improving maternal mental health and, consequently, improving early childhood outcomes, particularly for families living in poverty. She is PI on a HRSA grant examining infant outcomes in mothers experiencing perinatal intimate partner violence. She received a K23 from NINR which is focused on understanding the biological and psychological underpinnings of maternal attachment and maternal depression. Additionally, she has current research support from AWHONN, the American Nurses Foundation, and Fahs-Beck to test an intervention incorporating self-management support for perinatal depression, and its influence on infant outcomes.

Honors and Awards

  • Johns Hopkins Nursing Faculty Shining Star Award (2015)
  • American Association of Colleges of Nursing’s (AACN) Didactic Faculty Teaching Award (2015)
  • Johns Hopkins University Alumni Association Excellence in Teaching Award (2015)
  • Southern Nursing Research Society Early Science Investigator Award (2015)
  • College of Nursing’s Award for Emerging Scholar, Villanova University (2014)
  • New Nursing Faculty Fellowship Program, Maryland Higher Education Commission (2013)
  • Child Intervention, Prevention, and Services Selected Fellow, NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research (2012)
  • Translational Science 2012: Improving Health Through Research and Training Scholars Abstract Award (2012)
  • The Honorable Ruth D. Vogel Professional Development Award, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions (2012)

Research Focus

Improving maternal mental health and its consequent influence on early childhood outcomes, particularly among families living in poverty

Currently Funded Grants

  • Risks and protective factors for unintended pregnancy in women with disabilities, Principal Investigator, NICHD, R21HD086471 (5/20/16 - 4/30/18)
  • Biological underpinnings of maternal attachment in high risk populations, Principal Investigator, NINR, K23NR015810 (7/01/15 – 6/30/18)
  • Improving maternal-child interaction through a perinatal depression intervention, Principal Investigator, Fahs-Beck Fund for Research and Experimentation (2015 – 2017)
  • A population-based examination of intimate partner violence in the perinatal period and adverse neonatal outcomes, Principal Investigator, HRSA R40MC28309 (4/1/15 – 3/31/16)
  • Group-based intervention for perinatal depression in low-income mothers, Principal Investigator, American Nurses Foundation (2016 – 2017)
  • Tailored self-management intervention promoting resilience in perinatal depression, Principal Investigator, 2015 March of Dimes Margaret Comerford Freda “Saving Babies, Together” Award (2015 – 2016)
  • Effectiveness of a safety intervention for dating violence, Co-Investigator, NICHD R01HD076881 (2014 – 2019)
  • Perinatal Nurse Home Visiting Enhanced with mHealth Technology, Co-Investigator, NINR R01 HD071771 (2011 – 2016)

Clinical Focus

Maternal and child health, mental health, public health

Publications

Journal Articles

Alhusen, J., Bower, K., Epstein, E., & Sharps, P. (2016). Racial discrimination and adverse birth outcomes: An integrative review. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 61(6), 707-720. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12490

Sharps, P.W., Bullock, L.F., Campbell, J.C., Alhusen, J.L., Ghazarian, S.R., Bhandari, S.S., & Schminkey, D.L. (2016). Domestic Violence Enhanced Perinatal Home Visits: The DOVE randomized clinical trial. Journal of Women’s Health, 0(advance online publication), 1-10. doi:10.1089/jwh.2015.5547

Alhusen, J., Ayres, L., & DePriest, K. (2016). Effects of maternal mental health on engagement in favorable health practices during pregnancy. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 61(Advance online publication), 210-216. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12407

Alhusen, J.L., & Alvarez, C. (2016). Perinatal depression: A clinical update. The Nurse Practitioner, 41(5), 50-55. doi:10.1097/01.NPR.0000480589.09290.3e

Ray, E. & Alhusen, J. (2016). The suspected macrosomic fetus at term: A clinical dilemma. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 61, 263-269. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12414

Foronda, C. & Alhusen, J. (2016). Lessons learned from an international, multisite simulation research study. Nurse Educator, 41(advance online publication), 1-5. doi:10.1097/nne.0000000000000242

Alhusen, J.L., Bloom, T., Clough, A., & Glass, N. (2015). Development of the MyPlan safety decision app with friends of college women in abusive relationships. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 33(3), 263-282. doi:10.1080/15228835.2015.1037414

Foronda, C., Alhusen, J., Budhathoki, C., Lamb, M., Tinsley, K., MacWilliams, B., Daniels, J., Baptiste, D., Reese, K., & Bauman, E. (2015). A mixed methods, international, multisite study to develop and validate a measure of nurse-to-physician communication in simulation. Nursing Education Perspectives, 36(6), 383-388. doi:10.5480/15-1644

Alhusen, J.L., Ray, E., Sharps, P., & Bullock, L. (2015). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: Maternal and neonatal outcomes. Journal of Women’s Health, 24(1), 100-106. doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4872

Alhusen, J.L., & Wilson, D. (2015). Pregnant mothers’ perceptions of how intimate partner violence affects their unborn children. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN), 44(2), 210-217. doi:10.1111/1552-6909.12542

Maxwell, L., Devries, K, Zionts, D., Alhusen, J., & Campbell, J. (2015). Estimating the effect of intimate partner violence on women’s use of contraception: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLOS One, 10(2), 1-25. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118234

Alhusen, J.L., Frohman, N., & Purcell, G. (2015). Intimate partner violence and suicidal ideation in pregnant women. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 18(4), 573-578. doi:10.1007/s00737-015-0515-2

Glass, N., Clough, A., Case, J., Hanson, G., Waterbury, A., Barnes-Hoyt, J., Alhusen, J., Ehrensaft, M., Grace, K., & Perrin, N. (2015). A safety app to respond to dating violence for college women and their friends: The MyPlan Study randomized controlled trial protocol. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 871. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2191-6

Trautmann, J., Alhusen, J., & Gross, D. (2015). Impact of deployment on military families with young children: A systematic review. Nursing Outlook, 63(6), 656-679. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2015.06.002

Alhusen, J. L., Bullock, L., Sharps, P., Schminkey, D., Comstock, E., & Campbell, J. (2014). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes in low-income women. Journal of Women's Health, 23(11), 920-926. doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4862

Alhusen, J.L., Hayat, M. & Gross, D. (2013). A longitudinal study of maternal attachment and infant developmental outcomes. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 16(6), 521-529. doi:10.1007/s00737-013-0357-8

Sharps, P., Bullock, L., Alhusen, J., Bhandari, S., Udo, I., Ghazarian, S., & Campbell, J. (2013). Engaging and retaining abused women in perinatal home visitation programs. Pediatrics, 132(Suppl 2), S134-S139. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1021l

Alhusen, J., Lucea, M.B., Bullock, L., & Sharps, P. (2013). Intimate partner violence, substance use, and adverse neonatal outcomes among urban women. Journal of Pediatrics, 163(2), 471-476. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.01.036

Gross, D., Alhusen, J., & Jennings, B. (2012). Authorship ethics with the dissertation manuscript option. Research in Nursing & Health, 35(5), 431-434. doi:10.1002/nur.21500

Alhusen, J.L., Gross, D., Hayat, M.J., Rose, L., & Sharps, P. (2012). The role of mental health on maternal-fetal attachment in low-income women. Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN), 41(6), E71-E81. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2012.01385.x

Alhusen, J.L., Gross, D., Hayat, M.J., Woods, A.B., & Sharps, P.W. (2012). The influence of maternal-fetal attachment and health practices on neonatal outcomes in low-income, urban women. Research in Nursing and Health, 35(2), 112-120. doi:10.1002/nur.21464

Szanton, S., Mihaly, L., Alhusen, J. & Becker, K. (2010). Taking charge of the challenge: Factors to consider in taking your first nurse practitioner job. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 22(7), 360. doi:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2010.00522.x

Alhusen, J.L., Baty, M.L., & Glass, N. (2010). Perceptions of and experience with system responses to female same-sex intimate partner violence. Partner Abuse, 1(4), 443-462. doi:10.1891/1946-6560.1.4.443

Rose, L., Alhusen, J., Bhandari, S., Soeken, K., Marcantonio, K., Bullock, L. & Sharps, P. (2010). Impact of intimate partner violence on pregnant women: mental distress and mental strength. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31(2), 103-11. doi:10.3109/01612840903254834

Alhusen, J.L. (2008). A literature update on maternal-fetal attachment. Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 37(3), 315-328. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2008.00241.x

Book Sections

Alhusen, J., Bloom, T., Garcia, M., & Campbell, J.C. (2016). Violence and human abuse. In M. Stanhope & J. Lancaster (Eds.), Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (pp. 825-849). Maryland Heights, MO: Elsevier.

Alhusen, J., Ho, G., Smith, K., & Campbell, J.C. (2014). Addressing intimate partner violence and child maltreatment: Challenges and opportunities. In J. Korbin & R. Krugman (Eds.), Child maltreatment handbook (pp. 187-203). New York, NY: Springer

Campbell, J., Alhusen, J., Draughon, J., Kub, J., & Walton-Moss, B. (2010). Vulnerability and protective factors for intimate partner violence. In J. White, M. Koss, & A. Kazdin, (Eds.), Violence against women and children: Consensus, critical analyses and emergent priorities (pp. 1). Washington, DC: APA press

Baty, M.L., Alhusen, J.L., Campbell, J.C., & Sharps, P.W. (2008). Female victims of violence. In J. Keeling & T. Mason (Eds.), Domestic violence: A multi-professional approach for health professionals (pp. 1). London: McGraw Hill Education