Virginia T LeBaron, PhD, APRN, FAANP, FAAN
The majority of Dr. LeBaron's nursing career has focused on adult oncology palliative care. She has practiced clinically as a medical oncology staff nurse and palliative care nurse practitioner, and since 2004 has been involved with global palliative care and cancer control efforts (primarily in India and Nepal).
Dr. LeBaron directs the Technology Enhanced Compassionate Care (TECC) lab, which aims to conduct innovative research that leverages technology to alleviate suffering and enhance equitable access to quality care – for patients, family caregivers, and healthcare providers – in both domestic and international settings. Focal areas of the TECC lab include improving patient-clinician communication and optimizing safe and effective pain management for patients with advanced-stage cancer.
Dr. LeBaron’s research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health (Fogarty International Center; National Institute of Nursing Research) and the American Cancer Society. Her research draws upon principles and theories of community-based participatory research, implementation science, ethnography/medical anthropology, and utilizes a Social-Ecological Model as a primary conceptual framework.
- Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Harvard Cancer Center/UMass Boston, 2015
- PhD, University of Utah College of Nursing, 2013
- MS, University of Maryland School of Nursing, 2002
- BSN, University of Virginia School of Nursing, 1996
- Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP-BC)
Honors and Awards
- Virginia Center for the Creative Arts (VCCA) Fellow, 2022
- Fellow of the American Academy of Nurses (FAAN), 2021
- NIH mHealth Summer Research Institute Scholar, 2016
- Fulbright Fellow (India) 2011-2012
- Fellow of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (FAANP) 2011
- American Cancer Society (ACS) Pre-Doctoral Fellow 2009-2013
Research FocusCancer pain; remote health monitoring; sensors; opioid availability; palliative care; communication
- Exploring the development and pilot testing of wearable sensors and natural language processing technology (CommSense) to improve provider-patient cancer communication, Principal Investigator - Engineering in Medicine Seed Pilot Program (11/5/22 - 10/31/22)
- Characterizing the complexity of cancer pain in the home context by leveraging smart health technology (BESI-C), Principal Investigator, R01 - National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research (2/1/21 - 11/30/25)
- Using mHealth to support patients and caregivers in managing cancer pain, Principal Investigator, Pilot and Exploratory Projects in Palliative Care - American Cancer Society (7/1/19 - 6/30/21)
- Exploring mHealth to improve the delivery of palliative care and cancer pain management in Nepal, Principal Investigator, R21 - National Institutes of Health/Fogarty International Center (8/15/18 - 4/30/21)
- Examining end-user design feedback to optimize a home-based wireless sensing system to improve cancer pain management for patients and family caregivers,
Principal Investigator - Engineering in Medicine Seed Pilot Program (2/1/18 - 6/30/19)
- Improving cancer control by seeking a balanced approach to pain relief for patients with cancer in rural Southwest Virginia, Principal Investigator - UVA Cancer Center, Cancer Control & Population Health Research Program, Virginia Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission (4/1/16 - 5/31/18)
Clinical FocusAdult oncology palliative care
Teaching FocusHuman Growth and Development Across the Lifespan (undergraduate); Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods (graduate)
- Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Health Professions, Prescription Monitoring Program Advisory Board
- International Society for Nurses in Cancer Care, Policy and Advocacy Committee
- Pain & Policy Studies Group, World Health Organization Collaborating Center, International Mentor
- Oncology Nursing Forum, Associate Editor
- Oncology Nursing News, Blog Contributor
Elmore, C., Chapagain Acharya, S., Dulal, S., Enneking-Norton, F., Kumar Humal, P., Kattel, R., Maurer, M., Paudel, D., Dutta Paudel, B., Shilpakar, R., Sundar Shrestha, D., Thapa, U., Wilson, D. T., & LeBaron, V. (2022). Building a ‘Virtual Library’: Continuing a global collaboration to build research capacity in Nepal and other low- and middle-income countries. Global Health Action, 15(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2022.2112415
LeBaron, V. (2022). Challenges and opportunities in designing and deploying remote health monitoring technology for older adults with cancer. Innovation in Aging, 6(6), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igac057
LeBaron, V., Boukhechba, M., Edwards, J., Flickinger, T., Ling, D. & Barnes, LE. (2022). Exploring the use of wearable sensors and natural language processing technology to improve patient-clinician communication: Protocol for a feasibility study. JMIR Research Protocols, 11(5), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.2196/37975
Muir, K. J., Keim-Malpass, J., & LeBaron, V. (2022). “You have to ask yourself when you've had enough”: An ethnography of multi-level nurse burnout cultural impacts in the emergency department. SSM-Qualitative Research in Health, 2(100111), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmqr.2022.100111
LeBaron, V., Horton, B., Adhikari, A., Chapagain, S., Dhakal, M., Gongal, R., Kattel, R., Koirala, G., Kutcher, A., Hass, B., Maurer, M., Munday, D., Neupane, B., Sharma, K., Shilpakar, R., Shrestha, A., Shrestha, S., Thapa, U., Dillingham, R. & Paudel, B. (2022). A global collaboration to develop and pilot test a mobile application to improve cancer pain management in Nepal. Frontiers in Pain Research, 3(910995), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpain.2022.910995
LeBaron, V., Alam, R., Bennett, R., Blackhall, L., Gordon, K., Hayes, J., Homdee, N., Jones, R., Lichti, K., Martinez, Y., Mohammadi, S., Ogunjirin, E., Patel, N., & Lach, J. (2022). Deploying the behavioral and environmental sensing and intervention for cancer smart health system to support patients and family caregivers in managing pain: Feasibility and acceptability study. Journal of Internet Medical Research Cancer (JMIR) Cancer, 8(3), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.2196/36879
Kutcher, A. & LeBaron, V. (2022). A simple guide for completing an integrative review using an example article. Journal of Professional Nursing, 40, 13-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2022.02.004
Mayer, C., LeBaron, V., & Acquaviva, K. (2022). Exploring the use of psilocybin therapy for existential distress: A multi-method study of palliative care provider perceptions. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 54(1), 81-92. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2021.1916659
Byon, H., Ahn, S., LeBaron, V., Yan, G., Grider, R., & Crandall, M. (2022). Demonstration of an analytic process using home health care electronic health records: A case example exploring the prevalence of patients with a substance use history and a venous access device. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 34(1), 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1177/10848223211021840
Kutcher, A. M., & LeBaron, V. T., (2022). Evaluating acupuncture for treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 44(2), 169-179. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193945921992538
Muir, K.J., Keim-Malpass, J.K., & LeBaron, V. (2021). Examining the sociocultural impacts of an emergency department move using ethnography. International Emergency Nursing, 59, 101082. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2021.101082
LeBaron, V., Adhikari, A., Bennett, R., Chapagain, S., Dangol R., Dhakal, M., Elmore, C., Fitzgibbon, K., Gongal, R., Kattel, R., Koirala, G., Maurer, M., Munday, D., Neupane, B., Shrestha, S., Tamang, A., Thapa, U., Sharma, K., Dillingham, R., & Paudel, B. (2021). A survey of cancer care institutions in Nepal to inform design of a pain management mobile application. BMC Palliative Care, 20(1), 0. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-021-00824-0
Prompahakul, C., Malpass, J., LeBaron, V., Yan, G., & Epstein, B. (2021). Moral distress among nurses: A mixed methods study. Nursing Ethics, 28(8), 1165-1182. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969733021996028
Byon, H., Ahn, S., Yan G., Crandall, M., & LeBaron, V. (2021). Association of a substance use disorder with infectious diseases among adult home healthcare patients with a venous access device. Home Healthcare Now, 39(6), 320-326. https://doi.org/10.1097/NHH.0000000000001009
Porter, K., Moon, K., LeBaron, V. & Zoellner, J. (2021). A novel behavioral intervention for rural Appalachian cancer survivors: Participatory development and proof-of-concept testing of ‘weSurvive’. JMIR Cancer, 7(2), 1-16. https://doi.org/cancer.jmir.org/2021/2/e26010/
Meadows, C., Martin, D., & LeBaron, V. (2021). A cross-sectional survey exploring nursing students’ knowledge and attitudes regarding opioids and the opioid epidemic. Pain Management Nursing, 22(4), 539-548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2021.01.015
LeBaron, V., Bennett, R., Blackhall, L., Alam, R., Gordon, K., Hayes, J., Homdee, N., Martinez, Y, Ogunjirin, E., Jones, R., Thomas, T. & Lach, J. (2020). Understanding the experience of cancer pain management at home from the perspective of patients and family caregivers to inform design of an in-home smart health sensing system. Journal of Medical Internet Research Formative Research, 4(8), e-20836. https://doi.org/10.2196/20836
Chow, P. I., Shaffer, K. M., Lohman, M. C., LeBaron, V., Fortuna, K., & Ritterband, L. (2020). Examining the relationship between changes in personality and depression in older adult cancer survivors. Aging and Mental Health, 24(8), 1237-1245. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2019.1594158
LeBaron, V., Hayes, J., Gordon, K., Alam, R., Homdee, N., Martinez, Y., Ogunjirin, E., Thomas, T., Jones, R., Blackhall, L., & Lach, J. (2019). Leveraging smart health technology to empower patients and family caregivers in managing cancer pain: Protocol for a feasibility study. Journal of Medical Internet Research Protocols, 8(12), e16178-16178. https://doi.org/10.2196/16178
Bennett, R., & LeBaron, V. (2019). Parental perspective on roles in end-of-life decision making in the pediatric intensive care unit: An integrative review. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 46, 18-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2019.02.029
Desai, R., Camacho, F., Tan, X., LeBaron, V., Blackhall, L., & Balkrishnan, R. (2019). Mental health comorbidities and elevated risk of opioid use in elderly breast cancer survivors using Adjuvant Endocrine Treatments. Journal of Oncology Practice, 15(9), 777-786.
LeBaron, V., Camacho, F., Balkrishnan, R., Yao, A., & Gilson, A. (2019). Opioid epidemic or pain crisis? Using the Virginia All Payer Claims Database to describe opioid medication prescribing patterns and potential harms for patients with cancer. Journal of Oncology Practice, 15(12), e997-e1009. https://doi.org/10.1200/jop.19.00149
LeBaron, V. (2018). LeBaron, V. What is the rural cultural perspective? Oncology Nursing Forum, 45(6), 683-685.
Croson, E., Keim-Malpass, J., Bohnenkamp, S., & LeBaron, V. (2018). The medical-surgical nurse's guide to understanding palliative care and hospice. MedSurg Nursing, 27(4), 215-222.
Vyas, M. B., LeBaron, V. T., & Gilson, A. M. (2018). The use of cannabis in response to the opioid crisis: A review of the literature. Nursing Outlook, 66(1), 56-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2017.08.012
Yao, N., Rose, K., LeBaron, V., Camacho, F, & Boling, P. (2017). Increasing role of nurse practitioners in house call programs. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(4), 847-852. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.14698
Nguyen, L., Annoussamy, L., & LeBaron, V. T. (2017). Challenges encountered by Vietnamese nurses when caring for patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 44(2), 147-151.
LeBaron, V. T., Palat, G., Sinha, S., Chinta Kumari, S., Jamina, B. J., Pilla, U. L., . . . & Beck, S. L. (2017). Recommendations to support nurses and improve the delivery of oncology and palliative care in India. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 23(2), 188-198. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijpc.ijpc_153_16
Tan, X., Camacho, F., LeBaron, V., Blackhall, L., & Balkrishnan, R. (2017). Opioid use among female breast cancer patients using different adjuvant endocrine therapy regimens. Breast Cancer Treatment & Research, 165(2), 455-465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-017-4348-8
Galassi, A., Pradhan, R., Palat, G. & LeBaron, V. (2017). Global oncology volunteering: Making an effective contribution. Oncology Nursing Forum, 44(5), 530-533. https://doi.org/10.1188/17.onf.530-533
LeBaron, V. T., Smith, P.T., Quinones, R., Nibecker, C., Sanders, J.J., Timms, R.M., Shields, A.E., Balboni, T.A., & Balboni, M.J. (2016). How community clergy provide spiritual care: Toward a conceptual framework for clergy end-of-life education. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 51(4), 673-681. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2015.11.016
LeBaron, V.T. (2016). Global cancer disparities and the need for new initiatives. Oncology Nursing Forum, 43(1), 118-120. https://doi.org/10.1188/16.onf.118-120
LeBaron, V.T., Cooke, A., Garinther, A., Chow, V., Quiñones, R., Noveroske, S., Baccari, A., Smith, P., Peteet, J., Balboni, T., & Balboni, M. (2015). Clergy views on a good versus poor death: Ministry to the terminally ill. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 18(12), 1000-1007. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2015.0176
LeBaron, V. T., Blonquist, T. M., Hong, F., Halpenny, B., & Berry, D. L. (2015). Screening for pain in the ambulatory cancer setting: Is 0-10 enough? Journal of Oncology Practice, 11(6), 435-441. https://doi.org/10.1200/JOP.2015.004077
LeBaron, V., Iribarren, S., Perri, S. & Beck, S. (2015). A practical field guide to conducting nursing research in low and middle-income countries. Nursing Outlook, 63(4), 462-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2015.02.003
LeBaron, V., Beck, S., Black, F., Maurer, M. & Palat, G. (2014). An ethnographic study of barriers to cancer pain management and opioid availability in India. The Oncologist, 19(5), 515-522. https://doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2013-0435
LeBaron, V., Beck, S., Black, F., & Palat, G. (2014). Nurse moral distress and cancer pain management: An ethnography of oncology nurses in India. Cancer Nursing, 37(5), 331-344. https://doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000136
Gilson, A., Maurer, M., LeBaron, V., Ryan, K., & Cleary, J. (2013). Multivariate analysis of countries’ government and healthcare system influences on opioid availability for cancer pain relief and palliative care: More than a function of human development. Palliative Medicine, 27(2), 105-114. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216312461973
LeBaron, V., Bohnenkamp, S. & Reed, P. (2011). A community partnership approach to building and empowering a palliative care resource nurse team. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 13(1), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.1097/NJH.0b013e3181ff0bf8
LeBaron, V., Brody, J., Lee, E., Hardin, C., & Snyder, L. (2011). Pain and practicalities: The experience of transitioning a cancer patient from high-dose intravenous hydromorphone to intravenous methadone. Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy, 25(4), 356-361. https://doi.org/10.3109/15360288.2011.620688
Badger, T., LeBaron, V., & McCorkle, R. (2010). Screening for emotional distress in older patients with lung cancer. ONCOLOGY Nurse Edition, 24(4), 25-37.
Bohnenkamp, S., LeBaron, V., & Yoder, L. (2007). The Medical Surgical Nurse’s Guide to Ovarian Cancer: PartII. MedSurg Nursing: The Journal of Adult Health, vol. 16(5), 323-331.
Bohnenkamp, S., LeBaron, V., & Yoder, L. (2007). The Medical Surgical Nurse’s Guide to Ovarian Cancer: Part I. MedSurg Nursing: The Journal of Adult Health, vol. 16(4), 259-267.
Brown, S., Black, F., Vaidya, P., Shrestha, S., Ennals, D., & LeBaron, V. (2007). Palliative care development: The Nepal model. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 33(5), 573-577.
Black, F., Brown, S., Ennals, D., Harris, J., LeBaron, V., & Love, R. (2008). Clinical Guidelines for Palliative Care. International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research (4th Edition). Belgium.
LeBaron, V., & Galassi, A. (2019). Global palliative care. In B. Ferrell & J. Paice (Eds), Oxford textbook of palliative care nursing (5th ed) (pp. 868-876). Oxford University Press
Columns, Editorials and Op-Eds
LeBaron, V. (2016, January 21). Don't just do something, stand there: The power of The Pause: Column. Oncology Nursing News. https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/dont-just-do-something-stand-there-the-power-of-the-pause.
LeBaron, V. (2015, March 2). What 'The Dress' can teach us about the opioid epidemic: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/what-the-dress-can-teach-us-about-the-dual-epidemic-of-pain.
LeBaron, V. (2015, August 31). The accountable care act: One to grow on: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/the-accountable-care-act--one-to-grow-on-.
LeBaron, V. (2015, January 5). Dignity awareness: The ultimate targeted therapy: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/dignity-awareness-the-ultimate-targeted-therapy.
LeBaron, V. (2014, December 7). How to get involved in global oncology nursing: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/how-to-get-involved-in-global-oncology-nursing.