The majority of Dr. LeBaron's nursing career has been focused in adult oncology palliative care. She has practiced clinically as a medical oncology staff nurse and palliative care nurse practitioner, and since 2004 has been involved with global palliative care and cancer control efforts (primarily in India and Nepal).

Her research aims to leverage technology to optimize safe and effective cancer pain management. Dr. LeBaron is interested in exploring this issue in both domestic and international contexts, and particularly for vulnerable populations coping with advanced stage cancer. Her research draws upon principles and theories of community based participatory research, implementation science, ethnography/medical anthropology, and utilizes a Social Ecological Model as a primary conceptual framework.

  • Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Harvard Cancer Center/UMass Boston, 2015
  • PhD, University of Utah College of Nursing, 2013
  • MS, University of Maryland School of Nursing, 2002
  • BSN, University of Virginia School of Nursing, 1996


  • Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP-BC)

Honors and Awards

  • Fulbright Fellow (India)2011-2012
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (FAANP), 2011
  • American Cancer Society (ACS) Pre-Doctoral Fellowship2009-2013

Research Focus

Cancer pain management; opioid policy; palliative care and pain relief in resource-constrained settings; leveraging Smart Health to improve cancer care and support patients and family caregivers

Recent Grants

  • Characterizing the complexity of cancer pain in the home context by leveraging smart health technology, Principal Investigator, R01 - National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Nursing Research (2/1/21 - 11/30/25)
  • Using mHealth to support patients and caregivers in managing cancer pain, Principal Investigator, Pilot and Exploratory Projects in Palliative Care - American Cancer Society (7/1/19 - 6/30/21)
  • Exploring mHealth to improve the delivery of palliative care and cancer pain management in Nepal, Principal Investigator, R21 - National Institutes of Health/Fogarty International Center (8/15/18 - 4/30/20)
  • Examining end-user design feedback to optimize a home based wireless sensing system to improve cancer pain management for patients and family caregivers,
    Principal Investigator - Engineering in Medicine Seed Pilot Program (2/1/18 - 6/30/19)
  • Improving cancer control by seeking a balanced approach to pain relief for patients with cancer in rural Southwest Virginia, Principal Investigator - UVA Cancer Center, Cancer Control & Population Health Research Program, Virginia Tobacco Region Revitalization Commission (4/1/16 - 5/31/18)

Clinical Focus

Adult oncology palliative care

Teaching Focus

Human Growth and Development Across the Lifespan (undergraduate); Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods (graduate)


  • Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Health Professions, Prescription Monitoring Program Advisory Board
  • International Society for Nurses in Cancer Care, Policy and Advocacy Committee
  • Pain & Policy Studies Group, World Health Organization Collaborating Center, International Mentor
  • Oncology Nursing Forum, Associate Editor
  • Oncology Nursing News, Blog Contributor


Journal Articles

Porter, K., Moon, K., LeBaron, V. & Zoellner, J. (2021). A novel behavioral intervention for rural Appalachian cancer survivors: Participatory development and proof-of-concept testing of ‘weSurvive’. JMIR Cancer, 7(2), 1-16.

LeBaron, V., Bennett, R., Blackhall, L., Alam, R., Gordon, K., Hayes, J., Homdee, N., Martinez, Y, Ogunjirin, E., Jones, R., Thomas, T. & Lach, J. (2020). Understanding the experience of cancer pain management at home from the perspective of patients and family caregivers to inform design of an in-home smart health sensing system. Journal of Medical Internet Research Formative Research, 4(8), e-20836. doi:10.2196/20836

Chow, P. I., Shaffer, K. M., Lohman, M. C., LeBaron, V., Fortuna, K., & Ritterband, L. (2020). Examining the relationship between changes in personality and depression in older adult cancer survivors. Aging and Mental Health, 24(8), 1237-1245. doi:10.1080/13607863.2019.1594158

LeBaron, V., Hayes, J., Gordon, K., Alam, R., Homdee, N., Martinez, Y., Ogunjirin, E., Thomas, T., Jones, R., Blackhall, L., & Lach, J. (2019). Leveraging smart health technology to empower patients and family caregivers in managing cancer pain: Protocol for a feasibility study. Journal of Medical Internet Research Protocols, 8(12), e16178-16178. doi:10.2196/16178

Bennett, R., & LeBaron, V. (2019). Parental perspective on roles in end-of-life decision making in the pediatric intensive care unit: An integrative review. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 46, 18-25. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2019.02.029

Desai, R., Camacho, F., Tan, X., LeBaron, V., Blackhall, L., & Balkrishnan, R. (2019). Mental health comorbidities and elevated risk of opioid use in elderly breast cancer survivors using Adjuvant Endocrine Treatments. Journal of Oncology Practice, 15(9), 777-786.

LeBaron, V., Camacho, F., Balkrishnan, R., Yao, A., & Gilson, A. (2019). Opioid epidemic or pain crisis? Using the Virginia All Payer Claims Database to describe opioid medication prescribing patterns and potential harms for patients with cancer. Journal of Oncology Practice, 15(12), e997-e1009. doi:10.1200/jop.19.00149

LeBaron, V. (2018). LeBaron, V. What is the rural cultural perspective? Oncology Nursing Forum, 45(6), 683-685.

Croson, E., Keim-Malpass, J., Bohnenkamp, S., & LeBaron, V. (2018). The medical-surgical nurse's guide to understanding palliative care and hospice. MedSurg Nursing, 27(4), 215-222.

Vyas, M. B., LeBaron, V. T., & Gilson, A. M. (2018). The use of cannabis in response to the opioid crisis: A review of the literature. Nursing Outlook, 66(1), 56-65. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2017.08.012

Yao, N., Rose, K., LeBaron, V., Camacho, F, & Boling, P. (2017). Increasing role of nurse practitioners in house call programs. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(4), 847-852. doi:10.1111/jgs.14698

Nguyen, L., Annoussamy, L., & LeBaron, V. T. (2017). Challenges encountered by Vietnamese nurses when caring for patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 44(2), 147-151.

LeBaron, V. T., Palat, G., Sinha, S., Chinta Kumari, S., Jamina, B. J., Pilla, U. L., . . . & Beck, S. L. (2017). Recommendations to support nurses and improve the delivery of oncology and palliative care in India. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 23(2), 188-198. doi:10.4103/ijpc.ijpc_153_16

Tan, X., Camacho, F., LeBaron, V., Blackhall, L., & Balkrishnan, R. (2017). Opioid use among female breast cancer patients using different adjuvant endocrine therapy regimens. Breast Cancer Treatment & Research, 165(2), 455-465. doi:10.1007/s10549-017-4348-8

Galassi, A., Pradhan, R., Palat, G. & LeBaron, V. (2017). Global oncology volunteering: Making an effective contribution. Oncology Nursing Forum, 44(5), 530-533. doi:10.1188/17.onf.530-533

LeBaron, V. T., Smith, P.T., Quinones, R., Nibecker, C., Sanders, J.J., Timms, R.M., Shields, A.E., Balboni, T.A., & Balboni, M.J. (2016). How community clergy provide spiritual care: Toward a conceptual framework for clergy end-of-life education. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 51(4), 673-681. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2015.11.016

LeBaron, V.T. (2016). Global cancer disparities and the need for new initiatives. Oncology Nursing Forum, 43(1), 118-120. doi:10.1188/16.onf.118-120

LeBaron, V.T., Cooke, A., Garinther, A., Chow, V., Quiñones, R., Noveroske, S., Baccari, A., Smith, P., Peteet, J., Balboni, T., & Balboni, M. (2015). Clergy views on a good versus poor death: Ministry to the terminally ill. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 18(12), 1000-1007. doi:10.1089/jpm.2015.0176

LeBaron, V. T., Blonquist, T. M., Hong, F., Halpenny, B., & Berry, D. L. (2015). Screening for pain in the ambulatory cancer setting: Is 0-10 enough? Journal of Oncology Practice, 11(6), 435-441. doi:10.1200/JOP.2015.004077

LeBaron, V., Iribarren, S., Perri, S. & Beck, S. (2015). A practical field guide to conducting nursing research in low and middle-income countries. Nursing Outlook, 63(4), 462-73. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2015.02.003

LeBaron, V., Beck, S., Black, F., Maurer, M. & Palat, G. (2014). An ethnographic study of barriers to cancer pain management and opioid availability in India. The Oncologist, 19(5), 515-522. doi:10.1634/theoncologist.2013-0435

LeBaron, V., Beck, S., Black, F., & Palat, G. (2014). Nurse moral distress and cancer pain management: An ethnography of oncology nurses in India. Cancer Nursing, 37(5), 331-344. doi:10.1097/NCC.0000000000000136

Gilson, A., Maurer, M., LeBaron, V., Ryan, K., & Cleary, J. (2013). Multivariate analysis of countries’ government and healthcare system influences on opioid availability for cancer pain relief and palliative care: More than a function of human development. Palliative Medicine, 27(2), 105-114. doi:10.1177/0269216312461973

LeBaron, V., Bohnenkamp, S. & Reed, P. (2011). A community partnership approach to building and empowering a palliative care resource nurse team. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 13(1), 31-40. doi:10.1097/NJH.0b013e3181ff0bf8

LeBaron, V., Brody, J., Lee, E., Hardin, C., & Snyder, L. (2011). Pain and practicalities: The experience of transitioning a cancer patient from high-dose intravenous hydromorphone to intravenous methadone. Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy, 25(4), 356-361. doi:10.3109/15360288.2011.620688

Badger, T., LeBaron, V., & McCorkle, R. (2010). Screening for emotional distress in older patients with lung cancer. ONCOLOGY Nurse Edition, 24(4), 25-37.

Bohnenkamp, S., LeBaron, V., & Yoder, L. (2007). The Medical Surgical Nurse’s Guide to Ovarian Cancer: PartII. MedSurg Nursing: The Journal of Adult Health, vol. 16(5), 323-331.

Bohnenkamp, S., LeBaron, V., & Yoder, L. (2007). The Medical Surgical Nurse’s Guide to Ovarian Cancer: Part I. MedSurg Nursing: The Journal of Adult Health, vol. 16(4), 259-267.

Brown, S., Black, F., Vaidya, P., Shrestha, S., Ennals, D., & LeBaron, V. (2007). Palliative care development: The Nepal model. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 33(5), 573-577.

Advance Online Publications

Byon, H., Ahn, S., LeBaron, V., Yan, G., Grider, R., & Crandall, M. (2021). Demonstration of an Analytic Process using Home Health Care Electronic Health Records: A Case Example Exploring the Prevalence of Patients with a Substance Use History and a Venous Access Device. Home Health Care Management & Practice. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/10848223211021840

Kutcher, A.M., & LeBaron, V.T., (2021). Evaluating acupuncture for treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Western Journal of Nursing Research. Advance online publication.

Meadows, C., Martin, D., & LeBaron, V. (2021). A cross-sectional survey exploring nursing students’ knowledge and attitudes regarding opioids and the opioid epidemic. Pain Management Nursing. Advance online publication.


Black, F., Brown, S., Ennals, D., Harris, J., LeBaron, V., & Love, R. (2008). Clinical Guidelines for Palliative Care. International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research (4th Edition). Brussels: Belgium.

Book Sections

LeBaron, V., & Galassi, A. (2019). Global palliative care. In B. Ferrell & J. Paice (Eds), Oxford textbook of palliative care nursing (5th ed) (pp. 868-876). New York: Oxford University Press

Columns, Editorials and Op-Eds

LeBaron, V. (2016, January 21). Don't just do something, stand there: The power of The Pause: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from

LeBaron, V. (2015, March 2). What 'The Dress' can teach us about the opioid epidemic: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from

LeBaron, V. (2015, August 31). The accountable care act: One to grow on: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from

LeBaron, V. (2015, January 5). Dignity awareness: The ultimate targeted therapy: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from

LeBaron, V. (2014, December 7). How to get involved in global oncology nursing: Column. Oncology Nursing News. Retrieved from