Linda Bullock is the Jeanette Lancaster Alumni Professor of Nursing and the Associate Dean for Research. After completing bachelor and master’s degrees in nursing from Texas Woman’s University, Dr. Bullock earned a PhD in public health from the University of Otago in New Zealand, returning to the US in 1997 as assistant professor at the University of Missouri, Sinclair School of Nursing, where she became a full professor in 2003.
Dr. Bullock's research was the first to provide empirical evidence of the connection between abuse during pregnancy and infant low birth weight. Her continued research on the health outcomes of abuse during pregnancy resulted in the development and testing of an innovative nurse-delivered telephone social support intervention to reduce stress-induced responses, such as smoking, and to improve developmental outcomes in infants exposed to abuse.
She has conducted multiple randomized controlled trials with pregnant women and their children in Missouri, with funding from the National Institute of Nursing Research and the National Institute of Child and Human Development. She worked with the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services to implement the DOVE research study (NR09093) into home visiting programs in rural Missouri and is now Co-PI of the DOVEII study (HD070771) with rural sites in Virginia and Missouri. Dr. Bullock has worked closely with politicians and State Health Departments, addressing statewide policies and research agendas on intimate partner violence.
She is an active in the Virginia Nurses Association, the American Academy of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau, and the Nursing Network on Violence & Abuse, International. From 2006 to 2010 she was a standing member of the Nursing Science Children and Family study section at the National Institutes of Health.
Research FocusImproving the health of mothers and children, especially those exposed to intimate partner violence.
Clinical FocusMaternal and child health, public health
Teaching FocusPhD courses: Proposal development and advanced research practicums.
News and TV
- UVA Today (9-13-16) - UVA-developed program significantly reduces violence against pregnant women
- WVTF/NPR (9-9-16) - UVA researchers find way to identify, protect victims of domestic violence through prenatal exam
- UVA Today (5-16-16) - Class of 2016 profile: Scholarship and support amid trying times
- UVA Today (8-6-15) - Drama professor's film teaches home nurses how to address domestic violence
- UVA Today (10-6-14) - Detecting domestic violence by computer: How well does it work?
- UVA Today (2-4-14) UVA student finds Hispanic opt for labor pain relief less often than others
- UVA Today (1-30-14) - Nursing forum explores what Nancy Milio's Mom & Tot Clinic did so well
- UVA Today (10-31-12) - In person or by phone? UVA study assess impact of 'resource mothers' on pregnant teens
- UVA Today (4-18-12) - NIH grant aims to detect domestic violence and offer help by tablet computer
Samankasikorn, W., Pierce, B., St. Ivany, A., Gwon, S.H., Schminkey, D., & Bullock, L. (2016). The effect of home visiting with pregnant teens on maternal health. MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 41(3), 162-167. doi:10.1097/NMC.0000000000000235
Schminkey, D., von Oertzen, T., & Bullock, L. (2016). Handling missing data with multilevel structural equation modeling and full information maximum likelihood techniques. Research in Nursing & Health, 39(4), 286-297. doi:10.1002/nur.21724
Wong, J.Y., Tiwari, A., Fong, D.Y., & Bullock, L. (2016). A cross-cultural understanding of depression among abused women. Violence Against Women, 22(11), 1371-1396. doi:10.1177/1077801215624791
Bacchus, L., Bullock, L., Sharps, P., Burnett, C., Schminkey, D., Buller, A.M., & Campbell, J. (2016). “Opening the Door”: A qualitative interpretive study of women’s experiences of being asked about intimate partner violence and receiving an intervention during perinatal home visits in rural and urban settings in the USA. Journal of Research in Nursing, 21(5-6), 345-364. doi:10.1177/1744987116649634
Bacchus, L., Bullock, L., Sharps, P., Burnett, C., Schminkey, D., Buller, A.M., & Campbell, J. (2016). Infusing technology into a perinatal home visitation intervention for women experiencing intimate partner violence in urban and rural settings in the USA. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(11), 302. doi:10.2196/jmir.6251
Kastello, J.C., Jacobsen, K.H., Gaffney, K.F., Kodadek, M.P., Sharps, P.W., & Bullock, L.C. (2016). Predictors of depression symptoms among low-income women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence (IPV). Community Mental Health Journal, 52(6), 683-690. doi:10.1007/s10597-015-9977-y
Burnett, C., Schminkey, D., Milburn, J., Kastello, J., Bullock, L., Campbell, J., & Sharps, P. (2016). Negotiating peril: The lived experience of rural, low-income women exposed to IPV during pregnancy and postpartum. Violence Against Women, 22(8), 943-965. doi:10.1177/1077801215614972
Sharps, P.W., Bullock, L.F., Campbell, J.C., Alhusen, J.L., Ghazarian, S.R., Bhandari, S.S., & Schminkey, D.L. (2016). Domestic Violence Enhanced Perinatal Home Visits: The DOVE randomized clinical trial. Journal of Women’s Health, 0(advance online publication), 1-10. doi:10.1089/jwh.2015.5547
Kastello, J.C., Jacobsen, K.H., Gaffney, K.F., Kodadek, M.P., Bullock, L.C., & Sharps, P.W. (2015). Posttraumatic stress disorder among low-income women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 19(3), 521-8. doi:10.1007/s00737-015-0594-0
Alhusen, J.L., Ray, E., Sharps, P., & Bullock, L. (2015). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: Maternal and neonatal outcomes. Journal of Women’s Health, 24(1), 100-106. doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4872
Kastello, J., Jacobsen, K., Gaffney, K., Kodadek, M., Bullock, L., Sharps, P. (2015). Self-rated mental health: Screening for depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 53(11), 32-38. doi:10.3928/02793695-20151021-02
Bhandari, S., Bullock, L., Richardson, J., Kimeto, P., Campbell, J., & Sharps, P. (2015). Comparison of abuse experiences of rural and urban African American women during the perinatal period. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(12), 2087-2108. doi:10.1177/0886260514552274
Laughon, K., Fontaine, D., Bullock, L. (2015). Violence on campus: We all have a role to play [Editorial]. Journal of Nursing Education, 54(5), 239-240. doi:10.3928/01484834-20150417-10
Bullock, L., Bacchus, L., & Sharps, P. (2014). Why ACA-mandated screening matters. Futures Without Violence, e-Bulletin, 2(2), 4-6. Retrieved from: http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/userfiles/FWV_eBulletin_2014_R3_071720142.pdf.
McDonnell, K., Bullock, L., Hollen, P., Heath, J., & Kozower, B. (2014). Emerging issues on the impact of smoking on health related quality of life patients with lung cancer and their families. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 18(2), 171-181. doi:10.1188/14.cjon.18-02ap
Alhusen, J., Ray, E., Sharps, P., & Bullock, L. (2014). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: Maternal and neonatal outcomes. Journal of Women’s Health, 24(1), 100-106. doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4872
Alhusen, J. L., Bullock, L., Sharps, P., Schminkey, D., Comstock, E., & Campbell, J. (2014). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes in low-income women. Journal of Women's Health, 23(11), 920-926. doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4862
McDonnell, K. K., Bullock, L. F., Kozower, B. D., Hollen, P. J., Heath, J., & Rovnyak, V. (2014). A decision aid to improve smoking abstinence for families facing cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 41(6), 649-658. doi:10.1188/14.onf.649-658
Sharps, P., Bullock, L., Alhusen, J., Bhandari, S., Udo, I., Ghazarian, S., & Campbell, J. (2013). Engaging and retaining abused women in perinatal home visitation programs. Pediatrics, 132(Suppl 2), S134-S139. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1021l
Bhandari, S., Bullock, L., Rose, L., Marcantonio, K., Campbell, J., & Sharps, P. (2013). Pregnant women experiencing IPV: Impact of supportive and non-supportive relationships with their mothers on perinatal depression: A mixed methods analysis. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(12), 827-837. doi:10.3109/01612840.2012.712628
Bhandari, S., Bullock, L., & Sharps, P. (2013). Strategies employed by rural, pregnant women to deal with intimate partner violence. J. of Ethnographic and Qualitative Research, 7, 143-154.
Alhusen, J., Lucea, M.B., Bullock, L., & Sharps, P. (2013). Intimate partner violence, substance use, and adverse neonatal outcomes among urban women. Journal of Pediatrics, 163(2), 471-476. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.01.036
Wong, JY, Tiwari, A, Fong, DY, Yuen, KH, Humphreys, J, & Bullock, L. (2013). Intimate partner violence, depressive symptoms, and immigration status: Does existing advocacy intervention work on abused immigrant women in the Chinese community? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(11), 2181-2202.
Bloom, T. L., Bullock, L., & Parsons, L. (2012). Rural pregnant women’s stressors and priorities for stress reduction. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(12), 813-819. doi:10.3109/01612840.2012.712087
Bhandari, S., Bullock, L., Rose, L., Marcantonio, K., Campbell, J., & Sharps, P. (2012). Pregnant women experiencing IPV: Impact of supportive and non-supportive relationships with their mothers on perinatal depression: A mixed methods analysis. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(12), 827-837.
McElroy, J.A., Bloom, T., Moore, K., Geden, B., Everett, K., & Bullock, L.F. (2012). Perinatal mortality and adverse pregnancy outcomes in a low-income rural population of women who smoke. Birth Defects Research Part A- Clinical & Molecular Teratology, 94(4), 223-229. doi:10.1002/bdra.22891
Tiwari, A., Fong, D.Y., Wong, J.Y., Yuen, K.H., Yuk, H., Pang, P., ... Bullock, L. (2012). Safety-promoting behaviors of community-dwelling abused Chinese women after an advocacy intervention: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49(6), 645-655. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.12.005
Evans, E.C., & Bullock, L.F. (2012). Optimism and other psychosocial influences on antenatal depression: A systematic review. Nursing and Health Sciences, 14(3), 352-361.
Gage, J.D., Everett, K., & Bullock, L. (2011). A theoretical explanation of male partner participation in smoking cessation during the transition to fatherhood. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 6(2), 574-580. doi:10.1375/jsc.5.2.115
Bullock, L., Sharps, P. (2011). Domestic violence in the context of home visiting: Eight lessons from the DOVE intervention. Family Violence Prevention & Health Practice, 11, Retrieved from http://futureswithoutviolence.org/.
Wong, J.Y.H., Tiwari, A., Fong, D.Y.T., Humphreys, J., & Bullock, L. (2011). Factors associated with depression in intimate partner violence in a Chinese community. Nursing Research, 60(1), 58-65.
Yu, M., McElroy, J., Bullock, L., & Everett, K. (2011). Unique perspectives of women and their partners using the Prenatal Psychosocial Profile (PPP) scale. Journal of Nursing Research, 67(8), 1767-1778.
Bhandari, S., Bullock, L., Danis, F., Anderson, K., & Sharps, P. (2011). Pregnancy and intimate partner violence: How do rural, low-income women cope? Health Care for Women International, 32, 1-22.
Rose, L., Alhusen, J., Bhandari, S., Soeken, K., Marcantonio, K., Bullock, L. & Sharps, P. (2010). Impact of intimate partner violence on pregnant women: mental distress and mental strength. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31(2), 103-11. doi:10.3109/01612840903254834
Rose, L., Bhandari, S., Marcantonio, K., Bullock, L., Campbell, J., & Sharps, P. (2010). Intimate partner violence in pregnant women: Mental distress and mental strength. Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 31(2), 103-111.
Shay-Zapien, G., & Bullock, L. (2010). Intimate partner violence. MCN: American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 35(4), 206-212.
Tiwari, A., Fong, D.Y.T., Yuen, K.H., Yuk, H., Pang, P., Wong, J., Humphreys, J., & Bullock, L. (2010). A randomized controlled trial of an advocacy intervention to improve the mental health of community-dwelling abused women. Journal of the American Medical Association, 304(5), 536-543.
Bloom, T., Bullock, L., Sharps, P., Laughon, K., & Parker, B. (2011). Intimate partner violence in pregnancy. In J. Campbell & J. Humphreys (Eds.), Family Violence and Nursing Practice (2nd ed.) (pp. ). New York: Springer
Bloom, T., Bullock, L., Sharps, P., Laughon, K., & Parker, B. (2010). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy. In J.C. Campbell & J. Humphreys (Eds.), Family violence and nursing practice (pp. ). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins