Dr. Arlene Keeling received her BSN, MSN and PhD from the University of Virginia, and completed post-doctoral work at the University of Pennsylvania, funded by the National Institute for Nursing Research.  Dr. Keeling is the Centennial Distinguished Professor of Nursing at the University of Virginia School of Nursing.  She is director of the Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Department Chair of Acute and Specialty Care.  

Dr. Keeling's clinical experience is in acute coronary care nursing.  Dr. Keeling established herself nationally as a researcher in a series of studies on “Time-in-Bed” after interventional cardiac procedures (Time in Bed Studies, I to IV). Published and cited in numerous journals, this research has changed practice in cardiac units throughout the country.

Dr. Keeling’s major research work at the present time is in nursing history. She and her colleagues completed a book on the history of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing for their 40th anniversary.  She is also the award-winning author of Nursing and the Privilege of Prescription, 1893-2000, co-editor of Nurses on the Frontline, and co-author of Rooted in the Mountains, Reaching to the World: Stories of Nursing and Midwifery at Kentucky's Frontier School, 1939-1989. Dr. Keeling is currently researching the history of nursing in the 1918 influenza pandemic, the history of nurses in migrant camps in the Great Depression, and the history of nursing at Mayo Clinic. 

As past President of the American Association for the History of Nursing, Dr. Keeling inspired colleagues in the United Kingdom and Europe to develop a European Association for the History of Nursing. She is currently co-chair of the American Academy of Nursing's Expert Panel on Nursing History.


Journal Articles

Fontaine, D., & Keeling, A. (2017). Compassionate care through the centuries. Nursing History Review, 25(1), 13-25. doi:10.1891/1062-8061.25.13

Von Gaudecker, J., Taylor, A., Keeling, A., Buelow, J., & Sailas, B. (2017). A focused ethnography among women with epilepsy in South India. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 38(7), 753-764. doi:10.1080/07399332.2017.1321000

Lusk, B., Keeling, A., & Lewenson, S. (2016). Using nursing history to inform decision-making: Infectious diseases at the turn of the 20th century. Nursing Outlook, 64(2), 170-178. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2015.11.011

Schminkey, D. L., & Keeling, A. W. (2015). Frontier nurse-midwives and antepartum emergencies, 1925-1939. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 60(1), 48-55. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12212

Keeling, A. (2014). Inspiration and guidance. Nursing History Review, 22(1), 126-131. doi:10.1891/1062-8061.22.126

Strider, D., Keeling, A.W., Tullmann, D.F., Reigle, J., & Cherry, K.J. (2013). Marfan syndrome teaching algorithm: Does it make a difference? Journal of Vascular Nursing, 31(1), 21-31. doi:10.1016/j.jvn.2012.08.001

Brotherton, C., Taylor, A.G., Keeling, A.W. (2013). Fire in the belly and the professionalization of nurses: A historical analysis of Crohn’s disease care. Gastroenterology Nursing, 36(1), 21-28. doi:10.1097/sga.0b013e31827c5b8c

Sorensen, E.L., Keeling, A., Snyder, A., & Syverud, S. (2012). Decreasing ED length of stay with the use of the Ottawa Ankle Rules among nurses. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 38(4), 350-352. doi:10.1016/j.jen.2011.02.014

DeGuzman, P.B., & Keeling, A.W. (2012). Addressing disparities in access to care: Lessons from the Kercheval Street clinic in the 1960s. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 12(4), 199-207. doi:10.1177/1527154411429864

Thompson, M.E., & Keeling, A. (2011). Nurses' role in the prevention of infant mortality in 1884-1924: Health disparities then and now. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 26, . doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2011.05.011

Keeling, A. (2011). [Review of the book Nursing, the finest art: An illustrated history (3rd ed.), by M. P. Donahue]. Nursing History Review, 20(1), 254-255.

Keeling, A. (2011). Clinics in the "suitcase camps:" Nursing the migrants during the Great Depression, 1938-1941. Windows in Time, 19(1), 8-11.

Keeling, A. (2010). "Alert to the Necessities of the Emergency": U. S. Nursing during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic." Public Health Reports: Special Supplement on Pandemic Influenza, 125, 105-12.

Cockerham, A. & Keeling, A. (2010). Finance and Faith at the Catholic Maternity Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1944-1969. Nursing History Review, 18(1), 151-166.

Rose, K., Keeling, A. (2006). Richmond Instructive Visiting Nurse Association: A glimpse into the care of the elderly, 1900-1929. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 32, 37-42.

Keeling, A. W. (2006). Review of the book The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History by John M. Barry. Nursing History Review, 14, 261-262.

Cockerham, A., Keeling, A., Parker, B. (2006). Seeking refuge at Monticello: Domestic violence in Thomas Jefferson's family. The Magazine of Albemarle County History, 64, 29-52.

Gianakos, S., Keeling, A. W., Haines, D., & Haugh, K. (2004). Time in bed after electrophysiological procedures (TIBS IV): A pilot study. American Journal of Critical Care, 13(1), 56.

Keeling, A. W., Fisher, C. A., Haugh, K. H., Powers, E. R.,Turner, M. S. (2000). Reducing time in bed after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (TIBS III). American Journal of Critical Care, 9(3), 185-187.

Keeling, A., Utz, S. W., Shuster, G. F., Boyle, A. (1993). Noncompliance revisited: A disciplinary perspective of a nursing diagnosis. Nursing Diagnosis, 4(3), 91-98.


Keeling, A., Hehman, M., & Kirchgessner, J. (2018). History of professional nursing in the United States: Toward a culture of health. New York: Springer Publishing Co.

Keeling, A.W. and Wall, B.M. (2015). Nurses and disasters: Global, historical case studies. New York: Springer Publishers.

Keeling, A. (2014). The nurses of Mayo Clinic: Caring healers. Rochester, MN: Mayo Clinic.

Kirchgessner, J.C., Keeling, A.W. (Eds.). (2014). Nursing rural America: Perspectives from the early 20th century. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Cockerham, A. & Keeling, A. (2012). Rooted in the mountains, reaching to the world: Stories of nursing and midwifery at Kentucky's Frontier School, 1939-1989. Louisville, KY: Butler Books. *received AJN Book of the Year Award for "Public Interest and Creative Works" 2012.

Wall, B. M., Keeling, A. W. (2010). Nurses on the front lines: When disasters strike, 1878-2010. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Wall, B., Keeling, A. (2010). Nurses on the front line: When disaster strikes, 1878-2010. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. *received the 2012 Mary Roberts Book Award from the American Association for the History of Nursing.

Keeling, A., Brodie, B., Kirchgessner, J. (2010). A strong and political force: The American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 1969-2009. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges of Nursing.

Keeling, A. (2007). Nursing and the Privilege of Prescription, 1893-2000. (Ohio State University Press). (data based / peer reviewed history –funded: G13- National Library of Medicine, NIH) . * Received the Lavinia L. Dock Book Award, AAHN, September 2007.

Book Sections

Craig, S. W., & Keeling, A. W. (2020). A brief history of the professionalization of nursing in the United States. In E. E. Friberg (Ed.), Conceptual foundations: The bridge to professional nursing practice (7th ed.) (pp. 2-18). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier, Inc

Wall, B. M., & Keeling, A. (2017). Historical highlights in disaster nursing. In J. Truglio-Londrigan & S. Lewenson (Eds), Public health nursing: Practicing population-based care (pp. 377-391). Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Keeling, A., Lusk, B., & Kulbok, P. (2016). Culturally sensitive primary health care interventions: Three exemplars. In S. Lewenson, S.M. Truglio-Londrigan, & A. Sonenberg (Eds.), Caring for populations: Practicing primary health care in nursing (pp. 161-179). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Kirchgessner, J., Keeling, A.W., & Gibson, M.E. (2015). Nurses in schools, coal towns, and migrant camps: Bringing health care to rural America, 1900-1950. In G. M. Fealy, C. E. Hallet, & S. M. Deitz, Histories of nursing practice (pp. 0). Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.

Telford, J. C., & Keeling, A. W. (2014). Historical development of professional nursing in the United States. In J. L. Creasia & E. E. Friberg (Eds.), Conceptual foundations: The bridge to professional nursing practice (pp. 1-19). St. Louis: Elsevier.

Cockerham, A., Keeling, A. (2013). Chapter 1: A Brief History of Advanced Practice Nursing in the United States. In 5th edition of A. Hamric, C. Hanson, M. Tracy & T. O'Grady (Eds.), Advanced Nursing Practice (pp. 1-56). St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders Publishing

Snyder, A.E., Terzioglu, F. & Keeling, A. (2010). Striving for the new normal: The aftermath of international disasters. In B. Wall & A. Keeling (Eds.), Nurses on the front line: When disaster strikes (pp. ). New York: Springer.

Keeling, A. (2004). Professional nursing comes of age: 1859-1999. In K. K. Chitty (Ed.), Professional nursing: Concepts and challenges (pp. 1-25). : WB Saunders Co

Haugh,K. H.,Keeling,A. (2003). Coronary artery disease and dysrhythmias. In Phipps,W. J., Monahan,F. D., Sands,J. K., Marek,J. F.,Neighbors,M. (Eds.), Medical-Surgical nursing: Health and Illness perspectives (pp. ). St. Louis, MO: Mosby

Haugh, K. H. & Keeling, A. (1999). Management of persons with dysrhythmias and coronary artery disease. In W. J. Phipps, J. K. Sands, & J. F. Marek (Eds.), (pp. ). St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby

Columns, Editorials and Op-Eds

White, K. R., & Keeling, A. (2020, March 29). Bandanas are not enough: Column. USA Today. Retrieved from

Keeling, A. (2014, December 28). How nurses can help the immigration problem [Column]. The Daily Progress. B1.

DeGuzman, P., & Keeling, A. (2014, Aug. 31). What Detroit had that Ferguson needs [Column]. The Daily Progress. B1.