Repository: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry
Title: Rose Pinneo Collection
Physical Characteristics: 0.4 linear feet; 1 box
Collector: Rose Pinneo, with additions by Arlene Keeling.
Rose Pinneo (1920-2008), R.N., M.S., was an associate professor of nursing at the University of Rochester, New York, with special expertise in cardiovascular nursing. She obtained a B.A. degree in biology, cum laude, from Maryville College, Maryville, Tennessee, in 1943, and a diploma in nursing from Johns Hopkins Hospital School of Nursing in 1946. After serving for two years as head nurse of a specialized surgical unit at Hopkins, she moved to the Philadelphia area, where she worked for almost two decades before taking the professorship at Rochester. Pinneo's career in academic nursing began at the West Jersey Hospital School of Nursing in 1950, as instructor and assistant educational director. After ten years at this post in Camden, New Jersey, Pinneo transferred to the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, where in addition to her responsibilities as an instructor of medical-surgical nursing, she earned a Master's of Science degree in education, with a nursing major.
It was at the University of Pennsylvania that Pinneo undertook the ground-breaking work highlighted in this collection of her papers. In 1963, she joined cardiologist Dr. Lawrence Meltzer as associate director of the newly formed Coronary Care Unit (CCU) at the Presbyterian-U.Penn. Hospital. The Penn CCU was among the first established in the nation, and occupied the vanguard of a new method of nursing care, organized collaboratively with senior physicians and house staff. Specialized nurses worked autonomously to monitor, diagnose, and treat ventricular arrhythmias in patients suffering from myocardial infarctions. In her position as director of nursing and co-director of research for the CCU, Pinneo trained these specialty nurses, and undertook with Meltzer a multi-year study of all aspects of CCU operations, including analysis of the increased responsibilities of nursing staff. The results indicated both a reduction in patient mortality and definitive success in the expansion and professionalization of nursing practice, relative to the traditional – and limited -- conception of nursing roles until that time. Pinneo co-authored Intensive Coronary Care: a Manual for Nurses with Meltzer and another physician colleague in 1965, reprinted for nearly twenty years. She continued to speak and publish extensively on coronary care nursing until her retirement in 1985.
Scope and Content
This small but noteworthy collection centers on Pinneo's work at the Presbyterian-University of Pennsylvania Hospital Coronary Care Unit, 1963-1967. The bulk of the material concerns the grant-funded study undertaken during these years: "Intensive Nursing Care in Acute Myocardial Infarction," and includes research design materials, data sheets, analytical essays, and a draft report. Numerous publications and talk/presentation scripts by Pinneo concern coronary nursing. Some publications by her physician colleagues are also included, along with a photographic collection.
In addition to Pinneo's materials are research notes and interview transcripts of Pinneo and others, produced by Dr. Arlene W. Keeling in preparation for her journal article, "Blurring the Boundaries Between Medicine and Nursing: Coronary Care Nursing, circa the 1960s," Nursing History Review 12 (2004): 139-164.
The folders containing Pinneo's curriculum vitae and correspondence begin the collection, followed by the CCU study materials, publications by Pinneo and others, presentations, and photographs. Subsequent to these are Arlene Keeling's research materials. Items within folders are arranged chronologically.
ROSE PINNEO (1920-2008) – CURRICULUM VITAE.
ca. 1994 Box-Folder: 01-001
ROSE PINNEO – CORRESPONDENCE.
1964-2003 Box-Folder: 01-002
CORONARY CARE UNIT BROCHURE – PRESBYTERIAN-UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA MEDICAL CENTER, PHILADELPHIA, PA.
n.d. [ca. 1963] Box-Folder: 01-003
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – STUDY DESIGN, OUTLINES, DESCRIPTIONS. DRAFTS.
1962, n.d. Box-Folder: 01-004
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – BLANK SURVEY FORMS.
1963-64 Box-Folder: 01-005
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – NURSING PERSONNEL FOLLOW-UP RESPONSES.
1967 Box-Folder: 01-006
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – ANALYSIS: NURSES' REACTIONS.
1967 Box-Folder: 01-007
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – ANALYSIS: OCCUPANCY RATE.
1963-64 Box-Folder: 01-008
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – ANALYSIS: PATIENTS' REACTIONS.
1964-67 Box-Folder: 01-009
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – ANALYSIS: PROGNOSIS.
1963-67 Box-Folder: 01-010
CORONARY CARE UNIT STUDY – DRAFT REPORT.
1967 Box-Folder: 01-011
PUBLICATIONS: BY PINNEO.
1965-1984, n.d. Box-Folder: 01-012
PUBLICATIONS: VARIOUS AUTHORS.
1950-1995 Box-Folder: 01-013
TALKS/PRESENTATIONS: BY PINNEO.
1965-67 Box-Folder: 01-014
TALKS/PRESENTATIONS: BY PINNEO.
1976-1981, n.d. Box-Folder: 01-015
1963-68. n.d. Box-Folder: 01-016
INTERVIEW WITH CLIFFORD LOEW – TRANSCRIPT (INCOMPLETE)
[ca. 1991/06] Box-Folder: 01-017
INTERVIEW WITH ROSE PINNEO – NOTES, EXCERPTS.
1991/11/17 Box-Folder: 01-018
INTERVIEWS WITH ROSE PINNEO BY ARLENE KEELING – TRANSCRIPTS (2000/02/22 DOCUMENT CONTAINS AUTOGRAPH NOTES BY PINNEO, PHOTOCOPY).
1999/11/19, 2000/02/22 Box-Folder: 01-019
INTERVIEW WITH MIKI IWATA BY ARLENE KEELING – TRANSCRIPTION WITH COMMENTS BY IWATA
2001/10/30 Box-Folder: 01-020
NOTES OF A CONVERSATION BETWEEN ARLENE KEELING AND K. CAMPBELL?
n.d. Box-Folder: 01-021
NOTES ON PULMONARY FUNCTION AND MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
n.d. Box-Folder: 01-022
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS BASED ON CCU STUDY, NURSING PERSONNEL FOLLOW-UP, 1967 – BY ARLENE KEELING.
2001 Box-Folder: 01-023
University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Rose Pinneo Collection
Processed by Henry K. Sharp in December 2014.