Descriptive Summary

Repository: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry
Title: Josephine McLeod/Virginia State Board of Nursing Collection
Physical Characteristics: 2.0 linear feet; 4 boxes
Language: English
Collector: Josephine McLeod and others.

Biographical Information

Clare Josephine McLeod, R.N. (1880-1948) served as Superintendent of Nurses at the University of Virginia Hospital from 1924 to 1937, and in this position oversaw both the hospital nursing service and the school of nursing.  A Virginia native, McLeod earned a bachelors degree from the Randolph-Macon Women's College in Lynchburg, Virginia, in 1903, and in 1911 completed a nursing degree in Baltimore, Maryland at the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing.  McLeod subsequently returned to Virginia, where she organized the nursing education program at Saint Elizabeth's Hospital in Richmond, then served in the administration of the Johnston Willis Hospital Nurses' Training School in the same city.  Highly regarded for her accomplishments in nursing education and administration by the mid-1920s, she accepted the invitation to come to the University after holding similar posts at the Baptist Hospital, Fort Worth, Texas; the Albany General Hospital in Albany, New York; and the Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, Illinois.  McLeod instituted a number of curricular reforms at the University, including eight-hour hospital shifts, rotation of nursing students through all the medical services, and establishment of detailed student records.  Virginia's governor appointed McLeod to the State Board of Examiners of Nurses in 1930 (as the Board of Nursing was then known).  She became Secretary-Treasurer of the Board in 1937, with the responsibility for oversight and certification of the State's nursing programs and for licensing graduate nurses.  These duties compelled McLeod to resign from the University of Virginia, and she held the position of Secretary-Treasurer until her death in 1948.  McLeod was much-beloved by her peers and students, and admired for her precision and good humor, her dedication to well-rounded nursing education, as well as her devout religious faith.

Scope and Content

The Josephine McLeod/Virginia State Board of Nursing Collection principally contains correspondence, reports, and informational brochures relative to nursing training programs and schools operating in Virginia in the 1920s to the 1940s.  Lists of graduates for some programs are given as far back as the 1890s up to the 1930s.  Collection items derive almost entirely from the files of the Board, and range from the tenure of McLeod's predecessor as Secretary-Treasurer, Ethel M. Smith, R.N. (1920-1937), and continue through McLeod's own tenure (1937-1948) to that of Mabel E. Montgomery, R.N. (1949-1970).  Of particular interest in the collection is information pertaining to the organization of nursing education in hospital and sanatoria training schools and the subsequent closing of many of these programs in the 1930s, in favor of consolidation under college and university leadership.  Files for sixty such programs in Virginia are included.  Correspondence details the professionalization of nursing practice and education through site inspections and enforcement of standards promulgated by the Board, as well as the licensing of graduates through examination.  A commonplace book of State examination questions dates from 1911-15.  Miscellaneous personal materials of McLeod include mementos from her career and two folders of photographs:  portraits and snapshots, and images of the University of Virginia.  Additions include Virginia State Board of Nursing examination results reported from 1925-1954 for candidates at the University of Virginia and related institutions, including tuberculosis sanitaria.  Candidate names have been redacted from these documents.

Series Description

Arrangement

The collection begins with three folders of McLeod mementos, followed by the Virginia Board of Nursing materials. In Box 1, these include licensing examination questions and endorsement lists of Virginia nursing graduates. The remainder of the collection contains folders organized alphabetically by Nursing school name. Within each school folder correspondence, notes, and other items are in chronological order, followed by student lists for multiple years. Types of materials represented vary by school. The licensing examination results contained in the additions to the collection are filed at the end of Box 4.

Contents List

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS CONCERNING JOSEPHINE MCLEOD:
1) GRADUATION/TEACHING CERTIFICATE FOR MCLEOD, RANDOLPH MACON WOMAN'S COLLEGE, 1903;
2) TESTIMONIAL DINNER PROGRAM FOR ETHEL M. SMITH (PREDECESSOR OF MCLEOD AT THE VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSE EXAMINERS), 1937;
3) BOOKLET PRESENTED TO MCLEOD AT HER DEPARTURE FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA HOSPITAL SUPERINTENDENT OF NURSES POSITION, 1937;
4) "RETIRING AND NEW NURSE INSPECTOR," (UNIDENTIFIED NEWSPAPER ARTICLE, 29 APRIL 1937);
5) "JOSEPHINE S. MCLEOD, THE NEW SECRETARY-TREASURER OF THE VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSE EXAMINERS," BITS OF NEWS FROM HEADQUARTERS, GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF VIRGINIA 5 (OCTOBER 1937) 3;
6) RECIPROCITY CERTIFICATE FOR MARYLAND, SIGNED BY MCLEOD, 1944;
7) "JOSEPHINE MCLEOD," [MEMORIAL ISSUE], BITS OF NEWS (DECEMBER 1948), [2 COPIES];
8) MAILING ENVELOPE FROM THE VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF NURSES;
9) PAMPHLETS (3) FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA SCHOOL OF NURSING CONCERNING THE MCLEOD HALL DEDICATION (1972) AND THE UNVEILING OF A PORTRAIT OF MCLEOD (1978).
1903-1978 Box-Folder: 01-001

MCLEOD PHOTOGRAPHS: PORTRAITS AND PERSONAL IMAGES.
ca. 1900-1940 Box-Folder: 01-002

MCLEOD PHOTOGRAPHS: UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA AND UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL.
ca. 1924-1937 Box-Folder: 01-003

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: EXAMINATION QUESTIONS [PASTED IN CROWN SURGICAL INSTRUMENT COMPANY CATALOGUE, NY].
1911-15 Box-Folder: 01-004

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ENDORSEMENTS FOR PRACTICAL NURSES [LISTS OF NAMES].
1949-1966 Box-Folder: 01-005

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ENDORSEMENTS FOR REGISTERED NURSES [LISTS OF NAMES].
1956/01-1962/07 Box-Folder: 01-006

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ENDORSEMENTS FOR REGISTERED NURSES [LISTS OF NAMES].
1962/08-1965/05 Box-Folder: 01-007

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ENDORSEMENTS FOR REGISTERED NURSES [LISTS OF NAMES].
1965/05-1966/12 Box-Folder: 01-008

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ENDORSEMENTS [LISTS OF NAMES].
1972 Box-Folder: 01-009

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ALEXANDRIA HOSPITAL, ALEXANDRIA.
1926-1944 Box-Folder: 02-001

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: BLUE RIDGE SANATORIUM, CHARLOTTESVILLE.
1944, n.d. Box-Folder: 02-002

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: BURRELL MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ROANOKE.
1927-1935 Box-Folder: 02-003

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: CATAWBA SANATORIUM, ROANOKE.
n.d. Box-Folder: 02-004

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO HOSPITAL, CLIFTON FORGE.
1931-33, n.d.
Box-Folder: 02-005

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: DEJARNETTE SANATORIUM, STAUNTON.
n.d. Box-Folder: 02-006

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: EDMUND'S HOSPITAL, DANVILLE.
1926-1955 Box-Folder: 02-007

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ELIZABETH BUXTON HOSPITAL, NEWPORT NEWS.
1927-37, n.d. Box-Folder: 02-008

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: FAUQUIER COUNTY HOSPITAL, WARRENTON.
1931-33 Box-Folder: 02-009

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: GRACE HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1931-1946 Box-Folder: 02-010

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: HAMPTON INSTITUTE, DIXIE HOSPITAL.
1927-1956 Box-Folder: 02-011

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: HYGEIA HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1926 Box-Folder: 02-012

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: [GEORGE AND BEN] JOHNSTON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ABINGDON.
1944-46 Box-Folder: 02-013

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: JOHNSTON WILLIS HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1941-46 Box-Folder: 02-014

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: KING'S DAUGHTERS HOSPITAL, PORTSMOUTH.
1941-46 Box-Folder: 02-015

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: KING'S DAUGHTERS HOSPITAL, STAUNTON.
1926-1936, n.d. Box-Folder: 02-016

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: KING'S MOUNTAIN MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, BRISTOL.
1927-34, n.d. Box-Folder: 02-017

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: LAKEVIEW HOSPITAL, SUFFOLK.
1928-1946, n.d. Box-Folder: 03-001

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: LEWIS-GALE HOSPITAL, ROANOKE.
1940-46 Box-Folder: 03-002

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: LOUDON COUNTY HOSPITAL, LEESBURG.
1927-1931 Box-Folder: 03-003

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: LYNCHBURG GENERAL HOSPITAL, LYNCHBURG.
1926-1946 Box-Folder: 03-004

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MARSHALL LODGE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, LYNCHBURG.
1924-1936 Box-Folder: 03-005

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MARTHA JEFFERSON HOSPITAL, CHARLOTTESVILLE.
1926-1950 Box-Folder: 03-006

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MARYVIEW HOSPITAL, PORTSMOUTH.
1944-46 Box-Folder: 03-007

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MARY WASHINGTON HOSPITAL, FREDERICKSBURG.
1930-33 Box-Folder: 03-008

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MATTIE WILLIAMS HOSPITAL, RICHLANDS.
1927-1936, n.d. Box-Folder: 03-009

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MEDICAL COLLEGE OF VIRGINIA, RICHMOND.
1926-1943, n.d. Box-Folder: 03-010

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, DANVILLE.
1926-1945 Box-Folder: 03-011

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MOUNT REGIS SANATORIUM, SALEM.
1936 Box-Folder: 03-012

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: MOUNT SINAI MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, NORFOLK.
1929-1931, n.d. Box-Folder: 03-013

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: NEW ALTAMONT HOSPITAL, CHRISTIANSBURG.
1926-27 Box-Folder: 03-014

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: NORFOLK GENERAL HOSPITAL, NORFOLK.
1941-43 Box-Folder: 03-015

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: NORTHAMPTON-ACCOMAC MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, NASSAWADOX.
1930-1946 Box-Folder: 03-016

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: PARRISH MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, PORTSMOUTH.
1926-45 Box-Folder: 03-017

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: PETERSBURG HOSPITAL, PETERSBURG.
1926-1946 Box-Folder: 03-018

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: PIEDMONT SANATORIUM, BURKEVILLE [FOLDER 1].
1936-1944, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-001

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: PIEDMONT SANATORIUM, BURKEVILLE [FOLDER 2].
1944-46 Box-Folder: 04-002

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: PROTESTANT HOSPITAL, NORFOLK.
1926-1931 Box-Folder: 04-003

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: PULASKI HOSPITAL, PULASKI.
1931-33, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-004

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: RADFORD COMMUNITY HOSPITAL, RADFORD.
1943-46 Box-Folder: 04-005

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: RETREAT FOR THE SICK HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1926-1931, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-006

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: RICHMOND HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1951 Box-Folder: 04-007

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: RIVERSIDE HOSPITAL, NEWPORT NEWS.
1940-46 Box-Folder: 04-008

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ROANOKE HOSPITAL, ROANOKE.
1940-46 Box-Folder: 04-009

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: ROCKINGHAM MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, HARRISONBURG.
1940-44 Box-Folder: 04-010

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SAINT CHRISTOPHER'S, [FACILITY TYPE AND LOCATION UNKNOWN].
1927 Box-Folder: 04-011

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SAINT ELIZABETH'S HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1941 Box-Folder: 04-012

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SAINT LUKE'S HOSPITAL-MCGUIRE CLINIC, RICHMOND.
1926-1931, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-013

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SAINT VINCENT DE PAUL HOSPITAL, NORFOLK.
1925-1946 Box-Folder: 04-014

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SARAH LEIGH HOSPITAL, NORFOLK.
1927-1936, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-015

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SHACKELFORD HOSPITAL, MARTINSVILLE.
1930-1956 Box-Folder: 04-016

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SHELTERING ARMS HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1927-1951, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-017

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SHENANDOAH HOSPITAL, ROANOKE.
1927-1956, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-018

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: SOUTHSIDE COMMUNITY HOSPITAL, FARMVILLE.
1931 Box-Folder: 04-019

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: STUART CIRCLE HOSPITAL, RICHMOND.
1940-41 Box-Folder: 04-020

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: TUCKER SANATORIUM, RICHMOND.
1932 Box-Folder: 04-021

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA HOSPITAL.
1934-1947 Box-Folder: 04-022

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: VIRGINIA BAPTIST HOSPITAL, LYNCHBURG.
1941-45 Box-Folder: 04-023

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: WESTBROOK SANATORIUM, RICHMOND
n.d. Box-Folder: 04-024

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: WHITTAKER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, NEWPORT NEWS.
1933-1944 Box-Folder: 04-025

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING: WINCHESTER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, WINCHESTER.
1940-44, n.d. Box-Folder: 04-026

CORRESPONDENCE FROM JOSEPHINE MCLEOD AND MABEL MONTGOMERY CONCERNING BOARD OF NURSING EXAMINATIONS AND RESULTS.
1942-1955   Box-Folder:  04-027

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING EXAMINATION RESULTS.  [NAMES REDACTED]
1925-29.   Box-Folder:  04-028

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING EXAMINATION RESULTS.  [NAMES REDACTED]
1930-39   Box-Folder:  04-029

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING EXAMINATION RESULTS.  [NAMES REDACTED]
1940-49   Box-Folder:  04-030 

VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF NURSING EXAMINATION RESULTS.  [NAMES REDACTED]
1950-54   Box-Folder:  04-031

 

 

 

Notes

Administrative Information


Access
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Use Restrictions
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Preferred Citation
University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Josephine McLeod/Virginia State Board of Nursing Collection

Processing Information
Processed by Henry K. Sharp in 2013, with additions in 2018.