Descriptive Summary

This collection consists primarily of publications, presentations, memos, conference reports, and correspondence by Annie Laurie Crawford. These include articles written for professional journals and reports of staff development and consultation activities conducted by Crawford, such as workshops, seminars, institutes and programs for psychiatric aides, LPNs, and RNs. The correspondence includes Crawford’s letters to journal editors, communication with health institutions related to psychiatric nursing consulting work, and correspondence with state nurses’ associations. The collection also contains pamphlets and articles collected by Crawford, mostly related to mental health and psychiatric nursing, and certificates and awards presented to her over the course of her career. The materials range in date from the 1940s to the 1980s, and represent an overview of Crawford’s career and interests rather than an extensive collection of her work. A collection of books, by Crawford and others, was separated from the manuscript materials and has been incorporated into the holdings of the Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry and the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library Historical Collections.

This collection was acquired from Lander University.

Biographical Information

Information provided by Carol Scales, Lander University.

Annie Laurie Crawford was born in western South Carolina in 1904, the oldest of six children. Entering Lander College in 1920, Crawford left after two years to take up a teaching post in rural South Carolina. She returned to formal studies in 1927, entering the Highland Hospital School of Nursing in North Carolina. She remained there for seven years, first as a student, then a nurse, then as a nursing director of the oldest private psychiatric school of nursing in the country. She went back to school in 1939 at the University of Washington in Seattle. Over the years she also completed graduate studies at Columbia University in New York and at the University of Minnesota.

During World War II, Crawford was commissioned a Naval Reserve nurse and served three years at the Portsmouth Naval Hospital, until 1946. She retired from the Navy with the rank of lieutenant commander. During the 1950s, Crawford worked as a psychiatric nursing consultant, first for the state of Minnesota and later for the Florida State Board of Health in Jacksonville. After that, she became director of the staff development project for mental health and psychiatric nursing for the Southern Regional Education Board in Atlanta, a job she held for seven years. In the 1970s, Crawford headed the nursing section at Tennessee Midsouth Regional Medical Center in Nashville, and was an associate professor at Vanderbilt University. She retired in 1973 as director of the family nurse clinician and Primex programs at Vanderbilt School of Nursing. In 1979, she was named among the first ten honorary fellows of the American Academy of Nursing.

Scope and Content

Box 1 Series 1, 2 and 3:

Folder A: Correspondence related to acquisition of the Crawford Collection

Folder 1: Publications, presentations, memos by Crawford:

Psychiatry: a nursing essential; The place of mental hygiene in a health program; The challenge of psychiatric nursing; Alabama State Nurses’ Association recruitment for schools of nursing; organizing the nursing department to serve the patients

Folder 2 (continued from Folder 1):

ASNA annual convention report; Psychiatric Nursing-Dynamic Pattern 1951; Issues related to nursing shortage: report to Alabama State Headquarters; Nurses vs. Doctor; An unresolved question; “Annie Laurie Day”; Role of identification in learning: seminar presentation; Draft of paper presented to South Carolina Nurses’ Association annual convention

Folder 3 (continued from Folder 1):

Mental health and psychiatric nursing in Florida: status report; The public health nurse in after care of psychiatric patients; The function of public health nursing in the rehabilitation process; The nursing survey

Folder 4 (continued from Folder 1):

The Joint Commission report on mental illness and health: implications for nursing administration; Mental health psychiatric nursing staff development; Mental health and psychiatric nursing project; South Carolina League Nursing convention; Conference report of state consultants in mental health and psychiatric nursing; Mental health today

Folder 5 (continued from Folder 1):

Utilization of the practical nurse in mental health; Summary of responses to request; Responsibility for staff development; York native son championed cause of independence; Preparing auxiliary personnel to give nursing care to the geriatric patient

Folder 6 (continued from Folder 1):

The challenge of psychiatric nursing; The Joint Commission Report on mental illness and health: implications for nursing administration; The work and training of technical and vocational personnel in psychiatric nursing; Regional planning for continuing education in psychiatric nursing; Teaching psychiatric nursing;

Folder 7: Crawford correspondence (1942-1953)

Folder 8: Crawford correspondence (1953-1956)

Folder 9: Crawford correspondence (1956-1974)

Folder 10: Crawford correspondence (1978-1984)

Folder 11: Notes, papers, articles, and news clippings collected by Crawford

Post-war reform in mental nursing; History repeats itself; The nurse of the future; Mental health progress; Description of prospective project; University of Minnesota School of Nursing seminar presentation; Some anthropological aspects of nursing; Curriculum outline

Folder 12 (continued from Folder 11):

Minnesota department of public welfare announces a limited number of stipends for advanced study in psychiatric nursing; Nursing services; Sharp turn in psychiatric; Can nurses be group therapists; Courage to turn your back on a drowning man; Psychiatric nurse in outpatient clinic; Mental health briefs

Folder 13 (continued from Folder 11):

National Commission for the Study of Nursing and Nursing Education; Nursing research report; The extended role of the nurse in an occupational mental health program; Professional ethics; Functions of professional ethics; International council of nurses code of ethics; First national conference on classification of nursing diagnoses; Evaluation sheet for milieu therapy workshop

Folder 14 (continued from Folder 11):

What is mental health; General outline for organization of public relations program in state and district nurses’ association; Workshop evaluation sheet, Manuscript review questions

Box 2 Series 3 continued:

Folder 1: Notes, papers, articles, and news clippings collected by Crawford

Virginia’s psychiatric care programs draw praise; Dr. Mead warns against national disease menace; Four hundred nurses expected here today for state convention, campaign to enroll nurses intensified; Nurse recruits need stressed; Kentucky nurses study public relations techniques; St. Peter Tests new nurse training plan; The inebriate in the emergency room; It’s ‘Goodbye VU, Hello, Virginia’ for Annie Laurie; Nurse Annie Laurie Crawford remembers the last days of Thomas Wolfe; Aging a concern for all generations

Folder 2 (continued from Folder 1):

Retarded adults learning community living skills; Panel on aging to consider project funds; The elderly are people not problems; Herb gardens reward in many ways; Donation caps nurse’s career; Eastern State’s goodie cart is therapy on wheels

Folder 3 (continued from Folder 1):

Health nurses need to be counselors; Studies show environment may influence addictions; Elderly may occupy complex in February

Folder 4 (continued from Folder 1):

The training of a nurse; A working definition of anxiety; The Michigan Nurse; Mental Health Progress

Folder 5 (continued from Folder 1):

Nursing Forum; Application for training grant; Nursing digest

Folder 6 (continued from Folder 1):

Newsletter from University of Washington Nursing Alumni; The final guardians; A demonstration of potential public health nursing contributions to community mental health care

Folder 7 (continued from Folder 1):

Clinical experts; The southeastern hospital conference; Nursing personnel for mental health programs; Mental health training and research in the southern states; Examining psychiatric nursing skills

Folder 8 (continued from Folder 1):

Practical psychiatric nursing—report of a pilot training and evaluation project for psychiatric aides; Utilization of nursing personnel—a bibliographical survey

Folder 9 (continued from Folder 1):

The teaching of psychiatric-mental health nursing in the basic professional nursing program; The problem: psychiatric in-patient units in general hospitals; Tennessee Nurses’ Association 60th annual convention; In-service training for mental health programs

Folder 10 (continued from Folder 1):

Psychiatric nursing—a developmental statement for study and reaction; A critical research report from the Appalachian research collective; Image; the Journal of Nursing Administration

Folder 11 (continued from Folder 1):

World health magazine; Eastern state hospital problem-oriented record instruction manual

Box 3: Series 3 continued and Series 4:

Folder 1: Notes, papers, articles, and news clippings collected by Crawford

ANA ethnic minority fellowship program; Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services; Association of Virginia Antiquities

Folder 2: Crawford awards and recognition

Resolution of appreciation of Crawford by Minnesota Nurses Association; Recognition of Crawford’s work by Choctaw tribe of North American Indians; Personalities of the South; Admission to the American Academy of Nursing; The distinguished contribution to psychiatric and mental health nursing awards; Recognized by American Nurses’ Foundation; Recognized by Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing.

Folder 3: Miscellaneous

ANA guidelines; The Minnesota Registered Nurse; First commencement exercise of Minnesota department of public welfare School of Practical Psychiatric Nursing; The Florence Nightingale pledge

Folder 4: List of photographs, books, audio materials separated from collection

Series Description

This collection has been arranged into four chronological series:

Series 1: Publications, presentations, and memos by Crawford (1934-1970)

Series 2: Crawford correspondence (1942-1984)

Series 3: Notes, papers, articles, and news clippings collected by Crawford (1941-1980)

Series 4: Certificates and awards





No Restrictions

Use Restrictions

No Restrictions

Preferred Citation

University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Annie Laurie Crawford Collection

Processing Information

Processed by Mei Xue in 2001.