Repository: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry
Title: Emergency Nurses Association Collection
Physical Characteristics: 3.5 linear feet; 7 boxes
Collector: The organization.
As early as 1968 Anita Dorr R. N., Emergency Room Supervisor at E. J. Meyer Memorial Hospital (now Erie County Medical Center), began identifying specific needs of emergency room nurses and planning with other nurses in the Buffalo, New York area, a formal emergency room nurses organization. Her vision was to provide continuing education and a united voice. Nurse Dorr was a graduate of the Edward J. Meyer Memorial School of Nursing in Buffalo, New York. She joined the Army Nurse Corps during World War II where she was promoted to the rank of Major. She saw action in major campaigns in Africa. In the 1960s, she served as supervisor of admissions and emergency department at Edward J. Meyer Memorial Hospital. Her contributions in emergency nursing were widely recognized. She served on the New York State Technical Advisory Board on Emergency Nursing and had been invited to serve on the United States Public Health Bureau of Emergency Services.
Dorr is also attributed with the 1967 invention of what was then called the “Crises Cart” or what is now called, the Emergency Room “Crash Cart.” Through corresponding and meeting with other E. R. nurses from all over the country she supplied the impetus which became the Emergency Room Nurses Association in 1970. Initially, she called her organization the Emergency Room National Organization (E.R.NO.). Her official title was Chairman of the Emergency Department Nurses Association. Her advisory committee consisted of Dr. George Anast, Dr. David Kluge, Dr. Robert Wilbee and Odry I. Erickson, R. N.
Judy Kelleher launched a similar front for emergency nurses on the West Coast in May of 1970. Kelleher felt that the organization should be called Emergency Department Nurses Association (E.D.N.A.). Kelleher’s fledgling organization contained the following leadership: the Steering Committee consisted of Judy Kelleher, Hope McCrum, Eileen Farrell, Cathy Griffith, Althea Kennedy, Monica Reiss and Vivienne Thomas. The Advisory Committee consisted of Dr. William Stryker, Dr. Howell Wiggins, Dr. J. Cuthbert Owens, Dr. John Abbey, and Dr. Vern Nickel. Two other nurses who helped a great deal in the early days were Avice Kerr and Florence Weiner. On December 1, 1970 the two nurses from opposite coasts got together and combined the two organizations. The two agreed that the organization should officially be called The Emergency Department Nurses Association. Their first meeting was New York in 1971.
In October of 1972, Anita Dorr, R.N., succumbed to lung cancer and Ruth Miller became the Executive Director of E.D.N.A. Judy Kelleher was the first person to be elected president. The national organization was divided into eleven regions including Canada. Each region has a representative and there are many local chapters within a region.
In 1985, the Association’s name was changed to Emergency Nurses Association (ENA), recognizing their profession as role-specific rather than site-specific. In 2005 the Emergency Nurses Association celebrated their 35th Anniversary.
(For more historical information see folder 20 of Box 1 or folder 6 or Box 2. This brief synopsis of Emergency Nurses Association and biographical information about Anita Dorr R.N. was taken from information gathered there.)
The original donation of Emergency Nurses Association materials was accessioned in July 2006. Additional materials were accessioned in April 2011 and November 2012.
The Emergency Nurses Association Collection is a comprehensive history of the organization. It includes correspondence from both founders, Anita Dorr R.N., on the east coast and Judith Kelleher R.N., on the west coast, to each other, and to members of their Advisory Council and Regional Representatives. The business aspects and professional services are also well represented, especially in the Box 2 of the collection. There are various written histories of the organization: Box 1, folder 2 & Box 2, folder 4. The early organization and leadership of each distinctive region is detailed in Box 1, folders 5 – 14. Enthusiasm for the association is exhibited by correspondence and publications written about and by Emergency Nurses Association members. Capable and committed leadership is evident from the top of the organization to each region and state level through correspondence and reports. The purpose, concerns and policies of the Emergency Nurses Association is well represented in Box 2. The collection concludes in Box 2 with a very detailed report from the Executive Committee in 1977 that exhibits the amazing strides the association accomplished in it first five years.
Additional materials include the organization's article of incorporation, fellows lists for the Academy of Emergency Nursing, Leadership Conference programs, and issues of the ENA newsletter "ENA Connection" and the convention publication "ENA Daily News."
Box 1 contains 25 folders. Folders 1 to 4 contain administrative materials, including the correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and her advisory committee. Folders 5 to 15 contain correspondence between Dorr and ten of the eleven regional representatives, as well as other materials related to the regions. These folders are organized by region. Folders 16 to 19 contain sections of a book of minutes of national committee meetings. Folders 20 to 24 contain a brief history of E.D.N.A. and sections of the manual, Continuing Education Curriculum Guide. Folder 25 contains a convention booklet from the first national meeting of E.D.N.A. and a cloth patch bearing the roadrunner mascot.
Box 2 contains 17 folders. Folders 1 and 2 contain correspondence and biographical information about co-founders, Anita Dorr, R. N. and Judith Kelleher, R. N. Folders 3 to 5 contain information on the purpose, history and structure of the association. Folder 6 chronicles the interesting name changes of the association. Folders 7 to 11 contain policies and publications about and by the E.N.A. Folders 13 to 17 contain sections from a notebook of reports and meeting minutes from the Executive Committee in 1977. The Table of Contents is in folder 13
Boxes 3 and 4 contain issues of "ENA Connections." Box 5 contains issues of "ENA Daily News."
Box 6 contains issues of "ENA Connections."
Box 7 contains annual reports and general assembly resolutions, a variety of educational materials, and membership brochures.
(item inventory below folder entry)
1970-1972 Box-Folder: 01-001
1:1 Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and members of the Advisory Board: George T. Anast, M.D., Chairman of Post-Graduate Course for Emergency Room Nurses, Chicago, Illinois, beginning July 6, 1970 to April 4th, 1972. There are 26 letters. In these letters Nurse Dorr communicates the goals and objectives of the organization. The association is in the initial stages of organization.
1:2 Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Mary F. Brogan, Assistant Professor of the School of Nursing at State University of New York at Buffalo. There are three letters dated December 2, 1970, (when Brogan agrees to become a member of the Advisory Board), to March 3, 1972.
1:3 Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Mrs. Odrey I. Erickson, R. N. Nurse Supervisor, The Genesee Hospital, Rochester, New York. There are 9 letters dated October 6, 1970 to March 5, 1971. Nurse Erickson agrees to become a member of the Advisory Board on October, 14, 1970.
1:4 Correspondence from Anita Dorrs, R. N. to Henry C. Hunter, Director Division of Emergency Health Services, Rockville, Maryland. In letter dated, July 6, 1972, Nurse Dorr thanks Hunter for his acceptance of a position on the Advisory Board and requests a formal letter
1:5 Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and David N. Kluge M. D., F. A. C. S. Chairman, New York State Committee on Trauma, American College of Surgeons. There are (13) letters and (1) agenda for Study of Trauma and Emergencies Project, S.T.E.P., mtg., May 11 & 12, 1972, Rochester, New York. The letters are dated from October 6, 1970, (when Dr. Kluge agrees to be a member of the Advisory Board), to January 13, 1972.
1:6 Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Eleanor C. Lambertsen, R. N., Ed. D., D. Sc(Hon) Dean University School of Nursing, Cornell University School of Nursing, New York City, New York. There are three letters dating from November 1, 1971 to October 7, 1971 when Dean Lambertsen agrees to be a member of the Advisory Board.
1:7 Correspondence from Anita Dorr, R. N. to Robert Rock, Director, Professional Domestic Relations, Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, New Jersey on July 6, 1972, asking him to consider a position on the Advisory Board.
1:8 Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Robert, H. Wilbee, M. D. Associate Director of E. J. Meyer Hospital, Buffalo, New York, two letters written on October 6, 1970
1972-73 Box-Folder: 01-002
2:1 Summary of a Survey Questionnaire for the Emergency Department Nurses Association, December 1973, contains detailed member satisfaction statistics. (29) pages, printed material.
2:2 History of the development of the Emergency Department Nurses Association, written by Helen Murphy and presented to Anita Dorr, R. N. on May 25, 1972. (3) pages, printed material.
1972-73 Box-Folder: 01-003
3:1 List of Regions of National Emergency Department Nurses Association and the states included in each region. (1) page printed material.
3:2 Report of Emergency Department Nurses Association as of August 1, 1971. (1) page, printed material.
3:3 Agenda and minutes of meeting held January 19&20th, 1972 of Regional Representatives of Emergency Department Nurses Association in New York City, New York, includes list of names of representatives. (15) pages printed material.
3:4 Minutes from meeting of the Regional Representatives of Emergency Department Nurses Association held October 6, 1971. (25) pages printed material.
3:5 List of Regional Representatives, address, phone number & place of employment.
1971-72 Box-Folder: 01-004
4:1 Request for Tax exemption to Department of U.S. Treasury, & tax number, 1971. (7) pages printed material.
4:2 Emergency Department Nurses Association projected budget for 1972, signed by officers. (2) pages of printed material.
1970-72 Box-Folder: 01-005
5:1 Region I: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, & Rhode Island: Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Mary Merket, R. N. (3) letters, dated August, 1971 to June 28, 1971. Letter of resignation as representative from Jean Cameron Brown, dated September 5, 1971, and (7) letters between Marion Z. Dover, Regional Representative, and various people, dated October 21, 1971 to March29, 1972.
1970-72 Box-Folder: 01-006
6:1 Region II: New York, & New Jersey: (8) letters between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Iona Resnick R. N., Assistant Head Nurse, Memorial Hospital, Albany, New York, & Helen Murphy, R. N., Regional Representative & Emily Rankiewicz, R. N., Brooklyn Regional Chairman, dated November 1970 to March 29, 1972.
1971-72 Box-Folder: 01-007
7: 1 Region III: Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Delaware, Virginia & Washington, D.C.: Correspondence between Anita Dorr, R. N., and Mildred Fincke, R. N. Director Emergency/Ambulatory Nursing Service, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. (7) letters from August 10, 1971 to March 29, 1972.
1971-72. Box-Folder: 01-008
8:1 Region IV: Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi & Florida: (11) letters between Anita Dorr, R. N., & Ruth Miller, R. N., Emergency Department Supervisor, Palmetto General Hospital, Hialeah, Florida, dated from August 2, 1971 to March 29, 1972.
8:2 Brief handwritten biography of Ruth S. Miller R. N.
8:3 Recruitment plan for E.D.N.A by Ruth Miller, 1972.
8:4 Correspondence between Anita Dorr R.N. and Emma Newton, R.N. Clearwater, Florida between March 23, 1971 to March 29, 1972.
1971-72 Box-Folder: 01-009
9:1 Region V: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, & Wisconsin: (9) letters between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Barbara K. Herrick, R. N., Des Plaines, Illinois, dated between August 11, 1971 to April 3, 1972.
1972 Box-Folder: 01-010
10:1 Region VI: Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana: Papers of Myra Richards R. N. Director of Department of Emergency Services, Hermann Hospital, Houston, Texas, including correspondence with Anita Dorr R.N., Beverly Doyle R. N, Mary Brogan, Advisory Board E.D.N.A & Pauline Rust, R. N., Idaho Area Representative of E.D.N.A.; also includes Road Runner newsletter, & report of E.D.N.A (1972).
1971-72 Box-Folder: 01-011
11:1 Region VII: Missouri, South Dakota, North Dakota, Minnesota, Kansas, Iowa, & Nebraska: (13) letters between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Fran Prather, R. N. Wichita, Kansas dated between May 26, 1971 to April 24, 1972.
1971-72 Box-Folder: 01-012
12:1 Region VIII: Montana, Utah, Wyoming, & Colorado: (7) letters between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Joyce Braaten, R. N., Great Falls, Montana, dated between June 28, 1971 to March 29, 1972.
1971-72 Box-Folder: 01-013
13:1 Region IX: California, Nevada, Arizona, Guam & Hawaii: (7) letters between Anita Dorr, R. N. and Judith C. Kelleher, R. N. Regional Representative, Downey California from August 10, 1971 to March 29, 1972.
13:2 Judith Kelleher, R. N., application for renewal to membership of E.D.N.A.
13:3 (3) sheets of graphic designs showing road runner mascot.
13:4 Newsletter from Brookside Hospital San Pablo, California. Nov. 1971.
1971-76 Box-Folder: 01-014
14:1 Region X: Washington, Oregon, Idaho, & Alaska: Emergency Department Nurses Association meeting October 20, 21, 1971, list of presenters and presentations, attendance record, & income sheet, (3) pages printed material. Anna Mae Ericksen, R. N., regional representative from Region X, Myra Wember, R. N. & Ruth Ferguson, R. N. Washington State Chairperson of E.D.N.A.: ten letters written from August 20, 1971 to September 27, 1976.
1972-75 Box-Folder: 01-015
15:1 Emergency Department Nurses Association, book of minutes from following meetings: General Assembly, Board of Directors, Executive Committee, Editorial Board, Ad-Hoc Committee on Certification, and, Insurance, Education, Finance, and Nominating Committee meetings, 1975 (228) pages of printed material, pages 1-50
1973-74 Box-Folder: 01-016
1974-75 Box-Folder: 01-017
1975 Box-Folder: 01-018
1975 Box-Folder: 01-019
1997, 2004 Box-Folder: 01-020
20:1 Historical overview of Emergency Nurses Association, by Liz Taylor, California Emergency Nurses Association, August 10, 2004. (14) pages of printed material, includes accomplishments of E.D.N.A. leadership: Ruth, Miller, Judy Kelleher, Millie Fincke, Anna Mae Erickson, Marion Dover, June Brown, Peggy McCall, Marta Prado, June Thompson, Vickie C. Patrick, Gail Nicoll, Joan Ernst, Cynthia V. Brown, Linda L.Larson, Margaret M McMahon, Nancy Stephens Donatelli, Estelle R. MacPhail, Joanne M. Fadale, Lynn Gagon, Vicki Bradley, Eileen Corcoran, Marilyn Rice, Susan Budassi Sheehy,& Renee Semonin-Holleran.
1975 Box-Folder: 01-021
1975 Box-Folder: 01-022
1975 Box-Folder: 01-023
1975 Box-Folder: 01-024
1972/10/11-14, n.d. Box-Folder: 01-025
1967-71 Box-Folder: 02-001
1:1 Laminated newspaper article and photograph of Dorr next to crash cart invention, Nov. 21, 1967, Buffalo - Courier Express, Buffalo, New York.
1:2 Correspondence from Dorr to Mary Nobilo, Buffalo, New York, requesting feedback on idea to form organized association for emergency room nurses, Nov. 1969.
1:3 Article by Dorr, regarding need for continuing education of emergency room nurses, 1970, (4) pages printed material, contains statistics.
1:4 Newsletter by Anita Dorr, R.N., suggestions for organizing chapters, (2) pages printed material.
1:5 Correspondence from Dorr to journalist, Richard Sheffer, Wall Street Journal, Oct. 5, 1971, in response to his article about Emergency Room nurses, (2) pages printed material.
1970-2010 Box-Folder: 02-002
2:1 Recruitment announcement, June 10, 1970.
2:2 Kelleher promotes E.D.N.A in newsletter.
2:3 Notes from lecture given by Kelleher at STEP forum St. Louis, Mo. April 30, 1974, accomplishments of E.D.N.A.
2:4 Correspondence to Kelleher from George Anast, M.D. regarding association, March 30, 1971 (3) pages printed material.
2:5 Newsletter article by Kelleher listing accomplishments of E.D.N.A., Dec. 31, 1971.
2:6 Correspondence from Kelleher to E.D.N.A Board of Directors regarding award honoring Anita Dorr, May 15, 1976.
2:7 Copy of newspaper article honoring Kelleher, first appeared in Southwestern News, Downey, California, Oct. 29, 1971.
2:8 Copy of newspaper article by Pauline Metza regarding Kelleher’s appointment to presidency of E.D.N.A.,first appeared in The Independent, Richmond, California, Feb. 4, 1974.
2:9 Printedtranscripts of telephone interview with Kelleher, by Iris Frank, appearedinJournal of Emergency Nursing, Feb. 2000.
2:10 Greeting by Kellehar to 2010 Annual Conference, San Antonio. DVD.
1970-77 Box-Folder: 02-003
3:1 Correspondence from Dorr to American Nurses Association regarding purpose of E.D.N.A., Feb. 18, 1971.
3:2 (5) pages of printed material explaining the purpose and goals of the organization.
3:3 Agenda and explanation of purpose of E.D.N.A given by Helen Murphy, Secretary, at Regional Meeting in January, 1972, (4) handwritten pages.
3:4 Reasons for E.D.N.A & plans for future of organization, by Marion Z. Dover, president, Nov/Dec. 1977, (9) pages of printed material.
3:5 Blue Ribbon Commission II, Final Report, September 2005.
3:6 E.N.A. Strategic Plan 2012-2014, January 3, 2012.
3:7 E.N.A. Mission Presentation, June 2012.
1972-2000 Box-Folder: 02-004
4:1 Early history by Helen Murphy, presented to Anita Dorr, R.N., May 25, 1972 (4) pages of printed material.
4:2 Twenty Year History, by Emergency Nurses Association, 1990 (7) pages of printed material, contains biographical sketches and graphics.
4:3 E.N.A. Quilt, Marlene Jezierski, R.N., published by Emergency Nurses Association, April 1995, (2) pages of printed material.
4:4 Thirtieth Anniversary of E.N.A., by Joanne M. Fadale, R.N., Journal of Emergency Nursing, Feb. 2000, (4) pages of printed material.
4:5 E.N.A. Headquarters, Sweet Home Chicago, n.d., (3) pages of printed material.
4:6 A.N.A. Recognition of Emergency Nursing as a Specialty Practice, August 23, 2011.
ca. 1971, 1972 Box-Folder: 02-005
5:1 Organization updates from E.D.N.A. by Anita Dorr, R. N. c. 1972, (2) printed material.
5:2 Contact information of Regional Representatives.
5:3 Report to Regional Representatives, c. 1972, (2) sheets, printed material.
5:4 Membership Information, (10) pages printed material.
1970-1984 Box-Folder: 02-006
6:1 Emergency Room Nurses Organization, (1) page printed material.
6:2 Association Name Change, by Joan Ernst, R.N., President, Board of Directors, July 19, 1984, (4) pages printed material.
6:3 Press release, October 1, 1984.
1972-2005 Box-Folder: 02-007
7:1 Instructions for establishment of chapter, (2) pages printed material, brochure.
7:2 Blank applications for membership, c. 1972.
7:3 Blank nomination for Assistant Executive Director; (2) forms for nomination for president, c.1972.
7:4 Report from Ad Hoc Committee on Certification, c. 1975.
7:5 Membership directory, also lists Regional and State Representatives, 1973-74, book, (88) pages.
7:6 Certified copy of Articles of Incorporation of Emergency Nurses Association, signed by Bessie White, Secretary of State, Illinois, Feb. 2, 2005.
7:7 Pamphlet, Public Policy Agenda, (16) pages printed material.
7:8 Media Kit and Position Statements, 2005?
7:9 White Paper on Overcrowding in Hospital Emergency Departments, May 1991.
1972 Box-Folder: 02-008
8:1 Newsletter by Anita Dorr, R.N., c. 1972.
8:2 Correspondence regarding editing of Roadrunner, from Marion Dover, R.N., Executive Director, May 3, 1972.
8:2 Roadrunner Newsletter, Vol I, No, 1, Dec. 1972.
8:3 (2) Roadrunner Newsletters, c. 1972.
1970-1977 Box-Folder: 02-009
9:1 Organization Promotion by RN magazine, c. 1970.
9:2 Submission of promotion by Anita Dorr, R.N. to RN magazine, Jan. 1970 & response by managing editor, Rhea Felknor, Aug. 1970.
9:3 Article, “E.R. Nursing – Is it for you?” RN magazine, Nov. 1970, (8) pages printed material.
9:4 Article, “Let’s have more E.R. courses,” by Etta M. Rosenthal, R.N., RN magazine, Nov. 1970, (6) pages printed material.
9:4 Roadrunner mascot article by David Kluge, M.D., first appeared in The Journal of Trauma, 1971, booklet.
9:5 Editor’s report from the Journal of Emergency Medicine, (JEN), Janet Barber, R.N., Editor, September 6, 1977, (3) pages printed material.
1972-95 Box-Folder: 02-010
10:1 Brochure advertising First Annual Seminar of National Emergency Department Nurses Association, Buffalo, New York, 1972.
10:2 Agenda and notes from meetings of First Annual Seminar of National Emergency Department Nurses Association, Buffalo, New York, 1972, booklet, (62) pages.
10:3 Recruitment advertisement, Emergency Department Nurses Association, East Lansing, Michigan.
10:4 Booklet celebrating 10th Anniversary of Emergency Department Nurses Association of Western New York, includes tribute to Anita Dorr, R. N., .co-founder.
10:5 Booklet celebrating 25 year Anniversary of Emergency Nurses Association, includes detailed history and photographs of past presidents, (25) pages.
10:6 Emergency Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice (2011 edition).
10:7 Journal of Emergency Nursing Pre-Publication Issue (1974).
1974, 1977, n.d. Box-Folder: 02-011
11:1 Educational Opportunities, E.D.N.A. (1) page printed material.
11:2 Core Skills used in developing core curriculum, (5) pages printed material.
11:3 Manuscript Location, 1977, (50) pages of printed material.
1988-2009 Box-Folder: 02-012
12:1 DVD, 1 hr. 56 min, Stryker Matinees, 1988-2004.
12:2 DVD, Stryker Matinees, 2005-09
1977 Box-Folder: 02-013
13:1 Executive Committee notebook, table of contents, 1977, (2) pages of printed material.
13:2 minutes of meetings, 1977, (37) pages of printed material.
1977 Box-Folder: 02-014
14:1 Executive Committee notebook, reports of officers, 1977, (10) pages of printed material.
1977 Box-Folder: 02-015
15:1 Executive Committee notebook, correspondence, (13) pages.
1977 Box-Folder: 02-016
16:1 Executive Committee notebook, list of petitions for charters, 1977.
16:2 Leadership Survey, (19) pages of printed material.
1977 Box-Folder: 02-017
17:1 Executive Committee notebook, reimbursement policy, 1977
17:2 Council Dues, (7) pages of printed material.
17:3 Form for speakers.
17:4 Guide for program planners.
1970, 73, 77, 79 Box-Folder: 02-018
2005-2011 Box-Folder: 02-019
2002 Box-Folder: 02-020
2007 Box-Folder: 02-021
2000 Box-Folder: 03-001
2001 Box-Folder: 03-002
2002 Box-Folder: 03-003
2003 Box-Folder: 03-004
2004 Box-Folder: 03-005
2005 Box-Folder: 03-006
2006 Box-Folder: 04-001
2007 Box-Folder: 04-002
2008 Box-Folder: 04-003
2009 Box-Folder: 04-004
2004 Box-Folder: 05-001
2005 Box-Folder: 05-002
2006 Box-Folder: 05-003
2007 Box-Folder: 05-004
2008 Box-Folder: 05-005
2010 Box-Folder: 06-001
2011 Box-Folder: 06-002
2012 Box-Folder: 06-003
1993-95 Box-Folder: 07-001
1980 Box-Folder: 07-002
1986 Box-Folder: 07-003
1986 Box-Folder: 07-004
2005 Box-Folder: 07-005
2008, 2009, n.d. Box-Folder: 07-006
2007-2011 Box-Folder: 07-007
1994-2010 Box-Folder: 07-008
ca. 2011 Box-Folder: 07-009
Access: No Restrictions
Use Restrictions: No Restrictions
Preferred Citation: University of Virginia School of Nursing, Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, Emergency Nurses Association Collection
Processing Information: Initial donation processed and finding aid written by Maureen Spokes in July 2006. Additional materials processed and finding aid modified by Henry K. Sharp in April 2011 and November 2012.